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Long-term Debt and Solvency Analysis Quarterly Data

Difficulty: Beginner

Solvency ratios also known as long-term debt ratios measure a company's ability to meet long-term obligations.


Ratios (Summary)

Caterpillar Inc., debt and solvency ratios (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Debt to equity
Debt to capital
Interest coverage
Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports
Ratio Description The company
Debt-to-equity ratio A solvency ratio calculated as total debt divided by total shareholders' equity. Caterpillar Inc.'s debt-to-equity ratio improved from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 not reaching Q2 2017 level.
Debt-to-capital ratio A solvency ratio calculated as total debt divided by total debt plus shareholders' equity. Caterpillar Inc.'s debt-to-capital ratio improved from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 not reaching Q2 2017 level.
Interest coverage ratio A solvency ratio calculated as EBIT divided by interest payments. Caterpillar Inc.'s interest coverage ratio improved from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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Debt to Equity

Caterpillar Inc., debt to equity calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Short-term borrowings
Long-term debt due within one year
Long-term debt due after one year
Total debt
Shareholders' equity attributable to common shareholders
Ratio
Debt to equity1
Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q4 2017 Calculations

1 Debt to equity = Total debt ÷ Shareholders' equity attributable to common shareholders
= ÷ =

Ratio Description The company
Debt-to-equity ratio A solvency ratio calculated as total debt divided by total shareholders' equity. Caterpillar Inc.'s debt-to-equity ratio improved from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 not reaching Q2 2017 level.

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Debt to Capital

Caterpillar Inc., debt to capital calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Short-term borrowings
Long-term debt due within one year
Long-term debt due after one year
Total debt
Shareholders' equity attributable to common shareholders
Total capital
Ratio
Debt to capital1
Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q4 2017 Calculations

1 Debt to capital = Total debt ÷ Total capital
= ÷ =

Ratio Description The company
Debt-to-capital ratio A solvency ratio calculated as total debt divided by total debt plus shareholders' equity. Caterpillar Inc.'s debt-to-capital ratio improved from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017 not reaching Q2 2017 level.

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Interest Coverage

Caterpillar Inc., interest coverage calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Add: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
Add: Income tax expense
Add: Interest expense excluding Financial Products
Earnings before interest and tax (EBIT)
Ratio
Interest coverage1
Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Quarterly and Annual Reports

Q4 2017 Calculations

1 Interest coverage = (EBITQ4 2017 + EBITQ3 2017 + EBITQ2 2017 + EBITQ1 2017) ÷ (Interest expenseQ4 2017 + Interest expenseQ3 2017 + Interest expenseQ2 2017 + Interest expenseQ1 2017)
= ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

Ratio Description The company
Interest coverage ratio A solvency ratio calculated as EBIT divided by interest payments. Caterpillar Inc.'s interest coverage ratio improved from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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