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Profitability Analysis

Difficulty: Beginner

Profitability ratios measure the company's ability to generate profitable sales from its resources (assets).


Ratios (Summary)

Caterpillar Inc., profitability ratios

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin % % % % %
Operating profit margin % % % % %
Net profit margin % % % % %
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) % % % % %
Return on assets (ROA) % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Annual Reports

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Caterpillar Inc.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.'s operating profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly improved from 2016 to 2017.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. Caterpillar Inc.'s ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly improved from 2016 to 2017.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Caterpillar Inc.'s ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly improved from 2016 to 2017.

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Gross Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., gross profit margin calculation

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross margin
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors
Illinois Tool Works Inc. % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × Gross margin ÷ Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Caterpillar Inc.'s gross profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

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Operating Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., operating profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating profit
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors
Illinois Tool Works Inc. % % % % %
Operating Profit Margin, Sector
Industrial Engineering % % % % %
Operating Profit Margin, Industry
Industrials % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × Operating profit ÷ Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.'s operating profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 exceeding 2015 level.

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Net Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., net profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Ratio
Net profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors
Illinois Tool Works Inc. % % % % %
Net Profit Margin, Sector
Industrial Engineering % % % % %
Net Profit Margin, Industry
Industrials % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders ÷ Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.'s net profit margin deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly improved from 2016 to 2017.

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Return on Equity (ROE)

Caterpillar Inc., ROE calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Equity attributable to common stockholders
Ratio
ROE1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors
Illinois Tool Works Inc. % % % % %
ROE, Sector
Industrial Engineering % % % % %
ROE, Industry
Industrials % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders ÷ Equity attributable to common stockholders
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. Caterpillar Inc.'s ROE deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly improved from 2016 to 2017.

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Return on Assets (ROA)

Caterpillar Inc., ROA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Total assets
Ratio
ROA1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors
Illinois Tool Works Inc. % % % % %
ROA, Sector
Industrial Engineering % % % % %
ROA, Industry
Industrials % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Caterpillar Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Caterpillar Inc.'s ROA deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly improved from 2016 to 2017.

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