Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Caterpillar Inc. (NYSE:CAT)

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Analysis of Profitability Ratios

Beginner level


Profitability Ratios (Summary)

Caterpillar Inc., profitability ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin
Operating profit margin
Net profit margin
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE)
Return on assets (ROA)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16).

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Caterpillar Inc.’s gross profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.’s operating profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.’s net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Caterpillar Inc.’s ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Caterpillar Inc.’s ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.

Gross Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., gross profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Gross margin
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Profitability Ratio
Gross profit margin1
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16).

1 2019 Calculation
Gross profit margin = 100 × Gross margin ÷ Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Caterpillar Inc.’s gross profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Operating Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., operating profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Operating profit
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Profitability Ratio
Operating profit margin1
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.
Operating Profit Margin, Sector
Industrial Engineering
Operating Profit Margin, Industry
Industrials

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16).

1 2019 Calculation
Operating profit margin = 100 × Operating profit ÷ Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.’s operating profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Net Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., net profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.
Net Profit Margin, Sector
Industrial Engineering
Net Profit Margin, Industry
Industrials

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16).

1 2019 Calculation
Net profit margin = 100 × Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders ÷ Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.’s net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Return on Equity (ROE)

Caterpillar Inc., ROE calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Equity attributable to common stockholders
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.
ROE, Sector
Industrial Engineering
ROE, Industry
Industrials

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16).

1 2019 Calculation
ROE = 100 × Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders ÷ Equity attributable to common stockholders
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Caterpillar Inc.’s ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.

Return on Assets (ROA)

Caterpillar Inc., ROA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.
ROA, Sector
Industrial Engineering
ROA, Industry
Industrials

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16).

1 2019 Calculation
ROA = 100 × Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Caterpillar Inc.’s ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019.