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Caterpillar Inc. (CAT)


Analysis of Profitability Ratios
Quarterly Data

Beginner level


Profitability Ratios (Summary)

Caterpillar Inc., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin
Operating profit margin
Net profit margin
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE)
Return on assets (ROA)

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02).

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Caterpillar Inc.’s gross profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 and from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.’s operating profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 but then improved from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 not reaching Q1 2019 level.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.’s net profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 and from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Caterpillar Inc.’s ROE improved from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 but then deteriorated significantly from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Caterpillar Inc.’s ROA deteriorated from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 and from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019.

Gross Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Gross margin
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Profitability Ratio
Gross profit margin1
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02).

1 Q3 2019 Calculation
Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross marginQ3 2019 + Gross marginQ2 2019 + Gross marginQ1 2019 + Gross marginQ4 2018) ÷ (Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ3 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ2 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ1 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ4 2018)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Caterpillar Inc.’s gross profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 and from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019.

Operating Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Operating profit
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Profitability Ratio
Operating profit margin1
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02).

1 Q3 2019 Calculation
Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating profitQ3 2019 + Operating profitQ2 2019 + Operating profitQ1 2019 + Operating profitQ4 2018) ÷ (Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ3 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ2 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ1 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ4 2018)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.’s operating profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 but then improved from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 not reaching Q1 2019 level.

Net Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02).

1 Q3 2019 Calculation
Net profit margin = 100 × (Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ3 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ2 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ1 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ4 2018) ÷ (Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ3 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ2 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ1 2019 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ4 2018)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.’s net profit margin ratio deteriorated from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 and from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019.

Return on Equity (ROE)

Caterpillar Inc., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Shareholders’ equity attributable to common shareholders
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02).

1 Q3 2019 Calculation
ROE = 100 × (Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ3 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ2 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ1 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ4 2018) ÷ Shareholders’ equity attributable to common shareholders
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Caterpillar Inc.’s ROE improved from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 but then deteriorated significantly from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019.

Return on Assets (ROA)

Caterpillar Inc., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors2
Illinois Tool Works Inc.

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2019-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02).

1 Q3 2019 Calculation
ROA = 100 × (Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ3 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ2 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ1 2019 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ4 2018) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Caterpillar Inc.’s ROA deteriorated from Q1 2019 to Q2 2019 and from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019.