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Profitability Analysis
Quarterly Data

Difficulty: Beginner

Profitability ratios measure the company's ability to generate profitable sales from its resources (assets).


Ratios (Summary)

Caterpillar Inc., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on assets (ROA) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-02).

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Caterpillar Inc.'s gross profit margin improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.'s operating profit margin improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.'s net profit margin improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. Caterpillar Inc.'s ROE improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Caterpillar Inc.'s ROA improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Gross Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-02).

Q3 2018 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross marginQ3 2018 + Gross marginQ2 2018 + Gross marginQ1 2018 + Gross marginQ4 2017) ÷ (Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ3 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ2 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ1 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ4 2017)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Caterpillar Inc.'s gross profit margin improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Operating Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating profit hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-02).

Q3 2018 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × (Operating profitQ3 2018 + Operating profitQ2 2018 + Operating profitQ1 2018 + Operating profitQ4 2017) ÷ (Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ3 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ2 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ1 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ4 2017)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.'s operating profit margin improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Net Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-02).

Q3 2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × (Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ3 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ2 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ1 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ4 2017) ÷ (Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ3 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ2 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ1 2018 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ4 2017)
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Caterpillar Inc.'s net profit margin improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Return on Equity (ROE)

Caterpillar Inc., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders' equity attributable to common shareholders hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-02).

Q3 2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × (Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ3 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ2 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ1 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ4 2017) ÷ Shareholders' equity attributable to common shareholders
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. Caterpillar Inc.'s ROE improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.

Return on Assets (ROA)

Caterpillar Inc., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-Q (filing date: 2018-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-03), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-15), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-03), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-16), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-30), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-01), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-17), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-10-31), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-08-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2014-05-02), 10-K (filing date: 2014-02-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-11-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2013-05-02).

Q3 2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × (Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ3 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ2 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ1 2018 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ4 2017) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Caterpillar Inc.'s ROA improved from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 and from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018.