Stock Analysis on Net

Caterpillar Inc. (NYSE:CAT)

DuPont Analysis: Disaggregation of ROE, ROA, and Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Two-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Caterpillar Inc., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = ROA × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2020 19.56% = 3.83% × 5.11
Dec 31, 2019 41.77% = 7.77% × 5.38
Dec 31, 2018 43.79% = 7.83% × 5.59
Dec 31, 2017 5.50% = 0.98% × 5.62
Dec 31, 2016 -0.51% = -0.09% × 5.69

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2016-12-31).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2020 year is the decrease in profitability measured by return on assets ratio (ROA).


Three-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Caterpillar Inc., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2020 19.56% = 7.68% × 0.50 × 5.11
Dec 31, 2019 41.77% = 12.00% × 0.65 × 5.38
Dec 31, 2018 43.79% = 11.86% × 0.66 × 5.59
Dec 31, 2017 5.50% = 1.77% × 0.55 × 5.62
Dec 31, 2016 -0.51% = -0.19% × 0.48 × 5.69

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2016-12-31).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2020 year is the decrease in profitability measured by net profit margin ratio.


Five-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Caterpillar Inc., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2020 19.56% = 0.75 × 0.89 × 11.58% × 0.50 × 5.11
Dec 31, 2019 41.77% = 0.78 × 0.95 × 16.27% × 0.65 × 5.38
Dec 31, 2018 43.79% = 0.78 × 0.95 × 15.92% × 0.66 × 5.59
Dec 31, 2017 5.50% = 0.18 × 0.89 × 10.84% × 0.55 × 5.62
Dec 31, 2016 -0.51% = -0.54 × 0.20 × 1.76% × 0.48 × 5.69

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2016-12-31).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2020 year is the decrease in operating profitability measured by EBIT margin ratio.


Two-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Caterpillar Inc., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROA = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover
Dec 31, 2020 3.83% = 7.68% × 0.50
Dec 31, 2019 7.77% = 12.00% × 0.65
Dec 31, 2018 7.83% = 11.86% × 0.66
Dec 31, 2017 0.98% = 1.77% × 0.55
Dec 31, 2016 -0.09% = -0.19% × 0.48

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2016-12-31).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2020 year is the decrease in profitability measured by net profit margin ratio.


Four-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Caterpillar Inc., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROA = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover
Dec 31, 2020 3.83% = 0.75 × 0.89 × 11.58% × 0.50
Dec 31, 2019 7.77% = 0.78 × 0.95 × 16.27% × 0.65
Dec 31, 2018 7.83% = 0.78 × 0.95 × 15.92% × 0.66
Dec 31, 2017 0.98% = 0.18 × 0.89 × 10.84% × 0.55
Dec 31, 2016 -0.09% = -0.54 × 0.20 × 1.76% × 0.48

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2016-12-31).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2020 year is the decrease in operating profitability measured by EBIT margin ratio.


Disaggregation of Net Profit Margin

Caterpillar Inc., decomposition of net profit margin ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Net Profit Margin = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin
Dec 31, 2020 7.68% = 0.75 × 0.89 × 11.58%
Dec 31, 2019 12.00% = 0.78 × 0.95 × 16.27%
Dec 31, 2018 11.86% = 0.78 × 0.95 × 15.92%
Dec 31, 2017 1.77% = 0.18 × 0.89 × 10.84%
Dec 31, 2016 -0.19% = -0.54 × 0.20 × 1.76%

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2016-12-31).

The primary reason for the decrease in net profit margin ratio over 2020 year is the decrease in operating profitability measured by EBIT margin ratio.