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UnitedHealth Group Inc. (NYSE:UNH)


Analysis of Profitability Ratios
Quarterly Data

Beginner level


Profitability Ratios (Summary)

UnitedHealth Group Inc., profitability ratios (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin
Operating profit margin
Net profit margin
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE)
Return on assets (ROA)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-13), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06).

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s gross profit margin ratio improved from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s operating profit margin ratio improved from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s net profit margin ratio improved from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s ROE deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s ROA deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 exceeding Q2 2019 level.

Gross Profit Margin

UnitedHealth Group Inc., gross profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Gross profit
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Gross profit margin1
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors2
Becton, Dickinson & Co.
Boston Scientific Corp.
Intuitive Surgical Inc.
Medtronic PLC
Stryker Corp.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-13), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
Gross profit margin = 100 × (Gross profitQ4 2019 + Gross profitQ3 2019 + Gross profitQ2 2019 + Gross profitQ1 2019) ÷ (RevenuesQ4 2019 + RevenuesQ3 2019 + RevenuesQ2 2019 + RevenuesQ1 2019)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s gross profit margin ratio improved from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Operating Profit Margin

UnitedHealth Group Inc., operating profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Earnings from operations
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Operating profit margin1
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors2
Becton, Dickinson & Co.
Boston Scientific Corp.
Intuitive Surgical Inc.
Medtronic PLC
Stryker Corp.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-13), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
Operating profit margin = 100 × (Earnings from operationsQ4 2019 + Earnings from operationsQ3 2019 + Earnings from operationsQ2 2019 + Earnings from operationsQ1 2019) ÷ (RevenuesQ4 2019 + RevenuesQ3 2019 + RevenuesQ2 2019 + RevenuesQ1 2019)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s operating profit margin ratio improved from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Net Profit Margin

UnitedHealth Group Inc., net profit margin calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholders
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors2
Becton, Dickinson & Co.
Boston Scientific Corp.
Intuitive Surgical Inc.
Medtronic PLC
Stryker Corp.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-13), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
Net profit margin = 100 × (Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ4 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ3 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ2 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ1 2019) ÷ (RevenuesQ4 2019 + RevenuesQ3 2019 + RevenuesQ2 2019 + RevenuesQ1 2019)
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ ( + + + ) =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s net profit margin ratio improved from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Return on Equity (ROE)

UnitedHealth Group Inc., ROE calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholders
Shareholders’ equity attributable to UnitedHealth Group
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors2
Becton, Dickinson & Co.
Boston Scientific Corp.
Intuitive Surgical Inc.
Medtronic PLC
Stryker Corp.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-13), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
ROE = 100 × (Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ4 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ3 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ2 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ1 2019) ÷ Shareholders’ equity attributable to UnitedHealth Group
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s ROE deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Return on Assets (ROA)

UnitedHealth Group Inc., ROA calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholders
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors2
Becton, Dickinson & Co.
Boston Scientific Corp.
Intuitive Surgical Inc.
Medtronic PLC
Stryker Corp.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-14), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-06), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-08-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-05-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-13), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-11-07), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-08-04), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-05-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-11-08), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-08-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-05-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-11-05), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-05-06).

1 Q4 2019 Calculation
ROA = 100 × (Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ4 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ3 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ2 2019 + Net earnings attributable to UnitedHealth Group common shareholdersQ1 2019) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ( + + + ) ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. UnitedHealth Group Inc.’s ROA deteriorated from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then improved from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 exceeding Q2 2019 level.