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Ratios (Summary)

3M Co., profitability ratios

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin % % % % %
Operating profit margin % % % % %
Net profit margin % % % % %
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) % % % % %
Return on assets (ROA) % % % % %

Source: Based on data from 3M Co. Annual Reports

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. 3M Co.'s gross profit margin improved from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. 3M Co.'s operating profit margin improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. 3M Co.'s net profit margin improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. 3M Co.'s ROE improved from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. 3M Co.'s ROA improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.

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Gross Profit Margin

3M Co., gross profit margin calculation

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross profit
Net sales
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors
Danaher Corp. % % % % %
General Electric Co. % % % % %
Honeywell International Inc. % % % % %

Source: Based on data from 3M Co. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × Gross profit ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. 3M Co.'s gross profit margin improved from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.

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Operating Profit Margin

3M Co., operating profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating income
Net sales
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors
Danaher Corp. % % % % %
General Electric Co. % % % % %
Honeywell International Inc. % % % % %
Operating Profit Margin, Sector
General Industrials % % % % %
Operating Profit Margin, Industry
Industrials % % % % %

Source: Based on data from 3M Co. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × Operating income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. 3M Co.'s operating profit margin improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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Net Profit Margin

3M Co., net profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to 3M
Net sales
Ratio
Net profit margin1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors
Danaher Corp. % % % % %
General Electric Co. % % % % %
Honeywell International Inc. % % % % %
Net Profit Margin, Sector
General Industrials % % % % %
Net Profit Margin, Industry
Industrials % % % % %

Source: Based on data from 3M Co. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to 3M ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. 3M Co.'s net profit margin improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.

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Return on Equity (ROE)

3M Co., ROE calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to 3M
Total 3M Company shareholders' equity
Ratio
ROE1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors
Danaher Corp. % % % % %
General Electric Co. % % % % %
Honeywell International Inc. % % % % %
ROE, Sector
General Industrials % % % % %
ROE, Industry
Industrials % % % % %

Source: Based on data from 3M Co. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to 3M ÷ Total 3M Company shareholders' equity
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity. 3M Co.'s ROE improved from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.

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Return on Assets (ROA)

3M Co., ROA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income attributable to 3M
Total assets
Ratio
ROA1 % % % % %
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors
Danaher Corp. % % % % %
General Electric Co. % % % % %
Honeywell International Inc. % % % % %
ROA, Sector
General Industrials % % % % %
ROA, Industry
Industrials % % % % %

Source: Based on data from 3M Co. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to 3M ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. 3M Co.'s ROA improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.

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