Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

3M Co. (MMM)


Return on Capital (ROC)

High level of difficulty

Return on capital (ROC) is after tax rate of return on net business assets. ROIC is unaffected by changes in interest rates or company’s debt and equity structure. It measures business productivity performance.


Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)

3M Co., ROIC calculation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1 5,630  5,388  5,159  4,939  4,896 
Invested capital2 31,599  32,295  29,390  29,760  24,519 
Performance Ratio
ROIC3 17.82% 16.68% 17.55% 16.60% 19.97%

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-12).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2018 Calculation
ROIC = 100 × NOPAT ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × 5,630 ÷ 31,599 = 17.82%

Performance ratio Description The company
ROIC A measure of the periodic, after tax, cash-on-cash yield earned in the business. 3M Co.’s ROIC deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.