Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

3M Co. (NYSE:MMM)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

3M Co., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

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12 months ended: Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Federal
State
International
Currently payable
Federal
State
International
Deferred
Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) non-current transition tax provision
Provision for income taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

Item Description The company
Currently payable Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. 3M Co.’s currently payable decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. 3M Co.’s deferred decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. 3M Co.’s provision for income taxes decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

3M Co., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Statutory U.S. tax rate
State income taxes, net of federal benefit
International income taxes, net
Global Intangible Low Taxed Income (GILTI)
Foreign Derived Intangible Income (FDII)
U.S. research and development credit
Reserves for tax contingencies
Domestic Manufacturer’s deduction
Employee share-based payments
All other, net
Effective worldwide tax rate, before U.S. TCJA enactment, net impacts
U.S. TCJA enactment, net impacts
Effective worldwide tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

Item Description The company
Effective worldwide tax rate, before U.S. TCJA enactment, net impacts Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. 3M Co.’s effective worldwide tax rate, before U.S. TCJA enactment, net impacts decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

3M Co., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Employee benefit costs
Product and other claims
Miscellaneous accruals
Accruals not currently deductible
Pension costs
Stock-based compensation
Net operating/capital loss/tax credit carryforwards
Foreign tax credits
Currency translation
Inventory
Other
Gross deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets
Product and other insurance receivables
Accelerated depreciation
Intangible amortization
Currency translation
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

Item Description The company
Gross deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. 3M Co.’s gross deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. 3M Co.’s deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. 3M Co.’s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

3M Co., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Deferred tax assets (included in Other assets)
Deferred tax liabilities (included in Other liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets (included in Other assets) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. 3M Co.’s deferred tax assets (included in Other assets) decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Deferred tax liabilities (included in Other liabilities) Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. 3M Co.’s deferred tax liabilities (included in Other liabilities) increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

3M Co., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

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Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total 3M Company Shareholders’ Equity
Total 3M Company shareholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Total 3M Company shareholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income Attributable To 3M
Net income attributable to 3M (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income attributable to 3M (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).


3M Co., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

3M Co., adjusted financial ratios

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Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. 3M Co.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. 3M Co.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
3M Co.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. 3M Co.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. 3M Co.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

3M Co., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

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Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to 3M
Net sales
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to 3M
Net sales
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to 3M ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to 3M ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. 3M Co.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. 3M Co.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Total 3M Company shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted total 3M Company shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total 3M Company shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total 3M Company shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
3M Co.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to 3M
Total 3M Company shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to 3M
Adjusted total 3M Company shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to 3M ÷ Total 3M Company shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to 3M ÷ Adjusted total 3M Company shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. 3M Co.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to 3M
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to 3M
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to 3M ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to 3M ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. 3M Co.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.