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Common Stock Valuation Ratios (Price Multiples)
Quarterly Data

Difficulty: Beginner


Historical Valuation Ratios (Summary)

Costco Wholesale Corp., historical price multiples (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 13, 2018 Feb 18, 2018 Nov 26, 2017 Sep 3, 2017 May 7, 2017 Feb 12, 2017 Nov 20, 2016 Aug 28, 2016 May 8, 2016 Feb 14, 2016 Nov 22, 2015 Aug 30, 2015 May 10, 2015 Feb 15, 2015 Nov 23, 2014 Aug 31, 2014 May 11, 2014 Feb 16, 2014 Nov 24, 2013 Sep 1, 2013 May 12, 2013 Feb 17, 2013 Nov 25, 2012 Sep 2, 2012 May 6, 2012 Feb 12, 2012 Nov 20, 2011
Price to earnings (P/E) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to operating profit (P/OP) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to sales (P/S) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Price to book value (P/BV) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Costco Wholesale Corp.'s P/E ratio declined from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 but then increased from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018 not reaching Q1 2018 level.
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Costco Wholesale Corp.'s P/OP ratio declined from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 but then increased from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018 exceeding Q1 2018 level.
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Costco Wholesale Corp.'s P/S ratio declined from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 but then increased from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018 exceeding Q1 2018 level.
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Costco Wholesale Corp.'s P/BV ratio declined from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 but then increased from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018 not reaching Q1 2018 level.

Price to Earnings (P/E)

Costco Wholesale Corp., historical P/E calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 13, 2018 Feb 18, 2018 Nov 26, 2017 Sep 3, 2017 May 7, 2017 Feb 12, 2017 Nov 20, 2016 Aug 28, 2016 May 8, 2016 Feb 14, 2016 Nov 22, 2015 Aug 30, 2015 May 10, 2015 Feb 15, 2015 Nov 23, 2014 Aug 31, 2014 May 11, 2014 Feb 16, 2014 Nov 24, 2013 Sep 1, 2013 May 12, 2013 Feb 17, 2013 Nov 25, 2012 Sep 2, 2012 May 6, 2012 Feb 12, 2012 Nov 20, 2011
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Net income attributable to Costco (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Earnings per share (EPS)3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/E ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Costco Wholesale Corp.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q3 2018 Calculations

3 EPS = (Net income attributable to CostcoQ3 2018 + Net income attributable to CostcoQ2 2018 + Net income attributable to CostcoQ1 2018 + Net income attributable to CostcoQ4 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/E ratio = Share price ÷ EPS
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Costco Wholesale Corp.'s P/E ratio declined from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 but then increased from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018 not reaching Q1 2018 level.

Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)

Costco Wholesale Corp., historical P/OP calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 13, 2018 Feb 18, 2018 Nov 26, 2017 Sep 3, 2017 May 7, 2017 Feb 12, 2017 Nov 20, 2016 Aug 28, 2016 May 8, 2016 Feb 14, 2016 Nov 22, 2015 Aug 30, 2015 May 10, 2015 Feb 15, 2015 Nov 23, 2014 Aug 31, 2014 May 11, 2014 Feb 16, 2014 Nov 24, 2013 Sep 1, 2013 May 12, 2013 Feb 17, 2013 Nov 25, 2012 Sep 2, 2012 May 6, 2012 Feb 12, 2012 Nov 20, 2011
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Operating income (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating profit per share3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/OP ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Costco Wholesale Corp.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q3 2018 Calculations

3 Operating profit per share = (Operating incomeQ3 2018 + Operating incomeQ2 2018 + Operating incomeQ1 2018 + Operating incomeQ4 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/OP ratio = Share price ÷ Operating profit per share
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Costco Wholesale Corp.'s P/OP ratio declined from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 but then increased from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018 exceeding Q1 2018 level.

Price to Sales (P/S)

Costco Wholesale Corp., historical P/S calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 13, 2018 Feb 18, 2018 Nov 26, 2017 Sep 3, 2017 May 7, 2017 Feb 12, 2017 Nov 20, 2016 Aug 28, 2016 May 8, 2016 Feb 14, 2016 Nov 22, 2015 Aug 30, 2015 May 10, 2015 Feb 15, 2015 Nov 23, 2014 Aug 31, 2014 May 11, 2014 Feb 16, 2014 Nov 24, 2013 Sep 1, 2013 May 12, 2013 Feb 17, 2013 Nov 25, 2012 Sep 2, 2012 May 6, 2012 Feb 12, 2012 Nov 20, 2011
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Net sales (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales per share3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/S ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Costco Wholesale Corp.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q3 2018 Calculations

3 Sales per share = (Net salesQ3 2018 + Net salesQ2 2018 + Net salesQ1 2018 + Net salesQ4 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= (hidden + hidden + hidden + hidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/S ratio = Share price ÷ Sales per share
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Costco Wholesale Corp.'s P/S ratio declined from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 but then increased from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018 exceeding Q1 2018 level.

Price to Book Value (P/BV)

Costco Wholesale Corp., historical P/BV calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
May 13, 2018 Feb 18, 2018 Nov 26, 2017 Sep 3, 2017 May 7, 2017 Feb 12, 2017 Nov 20, 2016 Aug 28, 2016 May 8, 2016 Feb 14, 2016 Nov 22, 2015 Aug 30, 2015 May 10, 2015 Feb 15, 2015 Nov 23, 2014 Aug 31, 2014 May 11, 2014 Feb 16, 2014 Nov 24, 2013 Sep 1, 2013 May 12, 2013 Feb 17, 2013 Nov 25, 2012 Sep 2, 2012 May 6, 2012 Feb 12, 2012 Nov 20, 2011
No. shares of common stock outstanding1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Total Costco stockholders' equity (in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Book value per share (BVPS)3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share price1, 2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
P/BV ratio4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Costco Wholesale Corp.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q3 2018 Calculations

3 BVPS = Total Costco stockholders' equity ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

4 P/BV ratio = Share price ÷ BVPS
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Costco Wholesale Corp.'s P/BV ratio declined from Q1 2018 to Q2 2018 but then increased from Q2 2018 to Q3 2018 not reaching Q1 2018 level.