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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Costco Wholesale Corp. (COST)


Analysis of Property, Plant and Equipment

High level of difficulty


Property, Plant and Equipment Accounting Policy

Property and equipment are stated at cost. In general, new building additions are classified into components, each with an estimated useful life, generally five to fifty years for buildings and improvements and three to twenty years for equipment and fixtures. Depreciation and amortization expense is computed using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives or the lease term, if shorter. Leasehold improvements made after the beginning of the initial lease term are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the remaining term of the initial lease plus any renewals that are reasonably assured at the date the leasehold improvements are made.

Costco capitalizes certain computer software and software development costs incurred in developing or obtaining software for internal use. During development, these costs are included in construction in progress. When the assets are ready for their intended use, these costs are included in equipment and fixtures and amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the software, generally three to seven years.

Repair and maintenance costs are expensed when incurred. Expenditures for remodels, refurbishments and improvements that add to or change the way an asset functions or that extend the useful life are capitalized. Assets removed during the remodel, refurbishment or improvement are retired. Assets classified as held-for-sale at the end of 2019 and 2018 were immaterial.

Costco evaluates long-lived assets for impairment on an annual basis, when relocating or closing a facility, or when events or changes in circumstances may indicate the carrying amount of the asset group, generally an individual warehouse, may not be fully recoverable. For asset groups held and used, including warehouses to be relocated, the carrying value of the asset group is considered recoverable when the estimated future undiscounted cash flows generated from the use and eventual disposition of the asset group exceed the respective carrying value. In the event that the carrying value is not considered recoverable, an impairment loss is recognized for the asset group to be held and used equal to the excess of the carrying value above the estimated fair value of the asset group. For asset groups classified as held-for-sale (disposal group), the carrying value is compared to the disposal group’s fair value less costs to sell. Costco estimates fair value by obtaining market appraisals from third party brokers or using other valuation techniques. There were no impairment charges recognized in 2019, 2018 or 2017.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-11).


Property, Plant and Equipment Disclosure

Costco Wholesale Corp., balance sheet: property, plant and equipment

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 1, 2019 Sep 2, 2018 Sep 3, 2017 Aug 28, 2016 Aug 30, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Land hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Buildings and improvements hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Equipment and fixtures hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Construction in progress hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property and equipment, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accumulated depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net property and equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-26), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-18), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-15).

Item Description The company
Property and equipment, gross Amount before accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. Costco Wholesale Corp.’s property and equipment, gross increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Net property and equipment Amount after accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business to produce goods and services and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. Costco Wholesale Corp.’s net property and equipment increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Property, Plant and Equipment Ratios (Summary)

Costco Wholesale Corp., Property, Plant and Equipment Ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 1, 2019 Sep 2, 2018 Sep 3, 2017 Aug 28, 2016 Aug 30, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Average age hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-26), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-18), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-15).

Ratio Description The company
Average age As long as straight-line depreciation is used, this is an accurate estimate of asset age as a percentage of depreciable life. The relative age is a useful measure of whether the company’s fixed asset base is old or new. Newer assets are likely to be more efficient. Costco Wholesale Corp.’s average age of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Average Age

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 1, 2019 Sep 2, 2018 Sep 3, 2017 Aug 28, 2016 Aug 30, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Accumulated depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property and equipment, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Land hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Average age1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-26), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-18), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-14), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-15).

2019 Calculations

1 Average age = 100 × Accumulated depreciation and amortization ÷ (Property and equipment, gross – Land)
= 100 × hidden ÷ (hiddenhidden) = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Average age As long as straight-line depreciation is used, this is an accurate estimate of asset age as a percentage of depreciable life. The relative age is a useful measure of whether the company’s fixed asset base is old or new. Newer assets are likely to be more efficient. Costco Wholesale Corp.’s average age of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 but then improved from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.