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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Walmart Inc. (WMT)


Analysis of Property, Plant and Equipment

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Property, Plant and Equipment

Property and equipment are initially recorded at cost. Gains or losses on disposition are recognized as earned or incurred. Costs of major improvements are capitalized, while costs of normal repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. The following table summarizes Walmart’s estimated useful lives that are generally used to depreciate the assets on a straight-line basis:

Estimated Useful Lives
Land N/A
Buildings and improvements 3-40 years
Fixtures and equipment 1-30 years
Transportation equipment 3-15 years
Construction in progress N/A

Leasehold improvements are depreciated or amortized over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the remaining expected lease term. Total depreciation and amortization expense for property and equipment, property under financing obligations, property under capital leases and intangible assets for fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017 was $10.7 billion, $10.5 billion and $10.1 billion, respectively.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-28).


Property, Plant and Equipment Disclosure

Walmart Inc., balance sheet: property, plant and equipment

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Land hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Buildings and improvements hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Fixtures and equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Transportation equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Construction in process hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property under capital lease and financing obligations hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accumulated depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21).

Item Description The company
Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, gross Amount before accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. Walmart Inc.’s property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, gross increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, net Amount after accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business to produce goods and services and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. Walmart Inc.’s property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, net increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Asset Age Ratios (Summary)

Walmart Inc., asset age ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Average age ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated total useful life (years) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated age, time elapsed since purchase (years) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated remaining life (years) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21).

Asset age ratio Description The company
Average age ratio As long as straight-line depreciation is used, this is an accurate estimate of asset age as a percentage of depreciable life. The relative age is a useful measure of whether the company’s fixed asset base is old or new. Newer assets are likely to be more efficient. Walmart Inc.’s average age ratio of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Estimated total useful life Over longer time periods, this ratio is a useful measure of company’s depreciation policy and can be used for comparisons with competitors. Walmart Inc.’s estimated total useful life of depreciable property, plant and equipment decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Estimated time elapsed since purchase The approximate age in years of a company’s fixed assets. Useful for comparison purposes. Walmart Inc.’s estimated time elapsed since purchase of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Estimated remaining life Walmart Inc.’s estimated remaining life of depreciable property, plant and equipment decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Average Age

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Accumulated depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Land hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Asset Age Ratio
Average age1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21).

2019 Calculations

1 Average age = 100 × Accumulated depreciation and amortization ÷ (Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, gross – Land)
= 100 × hidden ÷ (hiddenhidden) = hidden

Asset age ratio Description The company
Average age As long as straight-line depreciation is used, this is an accurate estimate of asset age as a percentage of depreciable life. The relative age is a useful measure of whether the company’s fixed asset base is old or new. Newer assets are likely to be more efficient. Walmart Inc.’s average age ratio of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Estimated Total Useful Life

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, gross hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Land hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Depreciation and amortization expense for property and equipment, property under financing obligations and property under capital leases hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Asset Age Ratio (Years)
Estimated total useful life1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21).

2019 Calculations

1 Estimated total useful life = (Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, gross – Land) ÷ Depreciation and amortization expense for property and equipment, property under financing obligations and property under capital leases
= (hiddenhidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

Asset age ratio Description The company
Estimated total useful life Over longer time periods, this ratio is a useful measure of company’s depreciation policy and can be used for comparisons with competitors. Walmart Inc.’s estimated total useful life of depreciable property, plant and equipment decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Estimated Age, Time Elapsed since Purchase

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Accumulated depreciation and amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Depreciation and amortization expense for property and equipment, property under financing obligations and property under capital leases hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Asset Age Ratio (Years)
Time elapsed since purchase1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21).

2019 Calculations

1 Time elapsed since purchase = Accumulated depreciation and amortization ÷ Depreciation and amortization expense for property and equipment, property under financing obligations and property under capital leases
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Asset age ratio Description The company
Estimated time elapsed since purchase The approximate age in years of a company’s fixed assets. Useful for comparison purposes. Walmart Inc.’s estimated time elapsed since purchase of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Estimated Remaining Life

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Land hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Depreciation and amortization expense for property and equipment, property under financing obligations and property under capital leases hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Asset Age Ratio (Years)
Estimated remaining life1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21).

2019 Calculations

1 Estimated remaining life = (Property and equipment, including property under capital lease and financing obligations, net – Land) ÷ Depreciation and amortization expense for property and equipment, property under financing obligations and property under capital leases
= (hiddenhidden) ÷ hidden = hidden

Asset age ratio Description The company
Estimated remaining life Walmart Inc.’s estimated remaining life of depreciable property, plant and equipment decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.