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Analysis of Income Taxes

Difficulty: Advanced


Income Tax Accounting Policy

Income taxes are accounted for under the balance sheet method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases ("temporary differences"). Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rate is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

Deferred tax assets are evaluated for future realization and reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent that a portion is not more likely than not to be realized. Many factors are considered when assessing whether it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will be realized, including recent cumulative earnings, expectations of future taxable income, carryforward periods, and other relevant quantitative and qualitative factors. The recoverability of the deferred tax assets is evaluated by assessing the adequacy of future expected taxable income from all sources, including reversal of taxable temporary differences, forecasted operating earnings and available tax planning strategies. These sources of income rely heavily on estimates.

In determining the provision for income taxes, an annual effective income tax rate is used based on annual income, permanent differences between book and tax income, and statutory income tax rates. Discrete events such as audit settlements or changes in tax laws are recognized in the period in which they occur.

Walmart records a liability for unrecognized tax benefits resulting from uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. Walmart records interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and operating, selling, general and administrative expenses, respectively, in Walmart's Consolidated Statements of Income.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Walmart Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
U.S. federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
U.S. state and local hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
International hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current tax provision hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
U.S. federal hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
U.S. state and local hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
International hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax expense (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Provision for income taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

Item Description The company
Current tax provision The component of income tax expense for the period representing amounts of income taxes paid or payable (or refundable) for the period for all income tax obligations as determined by applying the provisions of relevant enacted tax laws to relevant amounts of taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Walmart Inc.'s current tax provision declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Deferred tax expense (benefit) The component of income tax expense for the period representing the net change in the entity's deferred tax assets and liabilities pertaining to continuing operations. Walmart Inc.'s deferred tax expense (benefit) increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Provision for income taxes The sum of the current income tax expense (benefit) and the deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to pretax income (loss) from continuing operations; income tax expense (benefit) may include interest and penalties on tax uncertainties based on the entity's accounting policy. Walmart Inc.'s provision for income taxes declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Walmart Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
U.S. statutory tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
U.S. state income taxes, net of federal income tax benefit hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
One-time transition tax hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax effects hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Impact of the Tax Act hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Income taxed outside the U.S. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net impact of repatriated international earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Effective income tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax rate A ratio calculated by dividing the reported amount of income tax expense attributable to continuing operations for the period by GAAP-basis pretax income from continuing operations.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Walmart Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
Loss and tax credit carryforwards hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accrued liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share-based compensation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Valuation allowances hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Property and equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets The sum of the tax effects as of the balance sheet date of the amounts of all future tax deductions arising from temporary differences between tax basis and generally accepted accounting principles basis recognition of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, which can only be deducted for tax purposes when permitted under enacted tax laws (before the valuation allowance, if any, to reduce such sum amount to net realizable value). Includes any tax benefit realized in deferred tax assets for significant impacts of tax planning strategies. Walmart Inc.'s deferred tax assets increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance The aggregate tax effects as of the balance sheet date of all future tax deductions arising from temporary differences between tax basis and generally accepted accounting principles basis recognition of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, which can only be deducted for tax purposes when permitted under enacted tax laws; net of deducting the allocated valuation allowance, if any, to reduce such amount to net realizable value. Walmart Inc.'s deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) For entities that net deferred tax assets and tax liabilities, represents the unclassified net amount of deferred tax assets and liabilities as of the balance sheet date, which result from applying the applicable enacted tax rate to net temporary differences and carryforwards pertaining to assets or liabilities. A temporary difference is a difference between the tax basis of an asset or liability and its carrying amount in the financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles that will reverse in ensuing periods. Walmart Inc.'s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Walmart Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

Item Description The company
Current deferred tax assets (included in Prepaid expenses and other) The current portion of the aggregate tax effects as of the balance sheet date of all future tax deductions arising from temporary differences between tax basis and generally accepted accounting principles basis recognition of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, which can only be deducted for tax purposes when permitted under enacted tax laws; after deducting the allocated valuation allowance, if any, to reduce such amount to net realizable value. Deferred tax liabilities and assets shall be classified as current or noncurrent based on the classification of the related asset or liability for financial reporting. A deferred tax liability or asset that is not related to an asset or liability for financial reporting, including deferred tax assets related to carryforwards, shall be classified according to the expected reversal date of the temporary difference. An unrecognized tax benefit that is directly related to a position taken in a tax year that results in a net operating loss carryforward should be presented as a reduction of the related deferred tax asset.
Non-current deferred tax assets (included in Other assets and deferred charges) The noncurrent portion as of the balance sheet date of the aggregate carrying amount of all future tax deductions arising from temporary differences between tax basis and generally accepted accounting principles basis recognition of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, which can only be deducted for tax purposes when permitted under enacted tax laws; after the valuation allowance, if any, to reduce such amount to net realizable value. Deferred tax liabilities and assets shall be classified as current or noncurrent based on the classification of the related asset or liability for financial reporting. A deferred tax liability or asset that is not related to an asset or liability for financial reporting, including deferred tax assets related to carryforwards, shall be classified according to the expected reversal date of the temporary difference. Walmart Inc.'s non-current deferred tax assets (included in Other assets and deferred charges) increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Current deferred tax liabilities (included in Accrued liabilities) Represents the current portion of deferred tax liabilities, which result from applying the applicable tax rate to net taxable temporary differences pertaining to each jurisdiction to which the entity is obligated to pay income tax. A current taxable temporary difference is a difference between the tax basis and the carrying amount of a current asset or liability in the financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. In a classified statement of financial position, an enterprise shall separate deferred tax liabilities and assets into a current amount and a noncurrent amount. Deferred tax liabilities and assets shall be classified as current or noncurrent based on the classification of the related asset or liability for financial reporting. A deferred tax liability or asset that is not related to an asset or liability for financial reporting, including deferred tax assets related to carryforwards, shall be classified according to the expected reversal date of the temporary difference.
Non-current deferred tax liabilities (included in Deferred income taxes and other) Represents the noncurrent portion of deferred tax liabilities, which result from applying the applicable tax rate to net taxable temporary differences pertaining to each jurisdiction to which the entity is obligated to pay income tax. A noncurrent taxable temporary difference is a difference between the tax basis and the carrying amount of a noncurrent asset or liability in the financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. In a classified statement of financial position, an enterprise shall separate deferred tax liabilities and assets into a current amount and a noncurrent amount. Deferred tax liabilities and assets shall be classified as current or noncurrent based on the classification of the related asset or liability for financial reporting. A deferred tax liability or asset that is not related to an asset or liability for financial reporting, including deferred tax assets related to carryforwards, shall be classified according to the expected reversal date of the temporary difference. Walmart Inc.'s non-current deferred tax liabilities (included in Deferred income taxes and other) increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Walmart Inc., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Current Liabilities
Current liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Walmart Shareholders' Equity
Total Walmart shareholders' equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Walmart shareholders' equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Consolidated Net Income Attributable To Walmart
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Walmart Inc., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Walmart Inc.'s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
As Reported
Current assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Adjusted current assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current liabilities (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

2018 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Adjusted current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
As Reported
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Adjusted consolidated net income attributable to Walmart (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted consolidated net income attributable to Walmart ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
As Reported
Net sales (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
As Reported
Total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Walmart shareholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total Walmart shareholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Walmart shareholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total Walmart shareholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Walmart Inc.'s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
As Reported
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Walmart shareholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Adjusted consolidated net income attributable to Walmart (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total Walmart shareholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart ÷ Total Walmart shareholders' equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted consolidated net income attributable to Walmart ÷ Adjusted total Walmart shareholders' equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Jan 31, 2014 Jan 31, 2013
As Reported
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Adjusted consolidated net income attributable to Walmart (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2015-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-21), 10-K (filing date: 2013-03-26).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted consolidated net income attributable to Walmart ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Walmart Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.