# Walmart Inc. (NYSE:WMT)

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## Dividend Discount Model (DDM)

Intermediate level

In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Dividends are the cleanest and most straightforward measure of cash flow because these are clearly cash flows that go directly to the investor.

### Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)

Walmart Inc., dividends per share (DPS) forecast

US\$

Year Value DPSt or Terminal value (TVt) Calculation Present value at
0 DPS01
1 DPS1 = × (1 + )
2 DPS2 = × (1 + )
3 DPS3 = × (1 + )
4 DPS4 = × (1 + )
5 DPS5 = × (1 + )
5 Terminal value (TV5) = × (1 + ) ÷ ()
Intrinsic value of Walmart Inc.’s common stock (per share)
Current share price

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-19).

1 DPS0 = Sum of the last year dividends per share of Walmart Inc.’s common stock. See details »

Disclaimer!
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.

### Required Rate of Return (r)

 Assumptions Rate of return on LT Treasury Composite1 RF Expected rate of return on market portfolio2 E(RM) Systematic risk of Walmart Inc.’s common stock βWMT Required rate of return on Walmart Inc.’s common stock3 rWMT

1 Unweighted average of bid yields on all outstanding fixed-coupon U.S. Treasury bonds neither due or callable in less than 10 years (risk-free rate of return proxy).

3 rWMT = RF + βWMT [E(RM) – RF]
= + []
=

### Dividend Growth Rate (g)

#### Dividend growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model

Walmart Inc., PRAT model

Average Jan 31, 2021 Jan 31, 2020 Jan 31, 2019 Jan 31, 2018 Jan 31, 2017 Jan 31, 2016
Selected Financial Data (US\$ in millions)
Cash dividends declared
Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart
Net sales
Total assets
Total Walmart shareholders’ equity
Financial Ratios
Retention rate1
Profit margin2
Asset turnover3
Financial leverage4
Averages
Retention rate
Profit margin
Asset turnover
Financial leverage

Dividend growth rate (g)5

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-19), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-20), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-03-30), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-30).

2021 Calculations

1 Retention rate = (Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart – Cash dividends declared) ÷ Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart
= () ÷
=

2 Profit margin = 100 × Consolidated net income attributable to Walmart ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷
=

3 Asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= ÷
=

4 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Walmart shareholders’ equity
= ÷
=

5 g = Retention rate × Profit margin × Asset turnover × Financial leverage
= × × ×
=

#### Dividend growth rate (g) implied by Gordon growth model

g = 100 × (P0 × rD0) ÷ (P0 + D0)
= 100 × ( × ) ÷ ( + )
=

where:
P0 = current price of share of Walmart Inc.’s common stock
D0 = the last year dividends per share of Walmart Inc.’s common stock
r = required rate of return on Walmart Inc.’s common stock

#### Dividend growth rate (g) forecast

Walmart Inc., H-model

Year Value gt
1 g1
2 g2
3 g3
4 g4
5 and thereafter g5

where:
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by Gordon growth model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5

Calculations

g2 = g1 + (g5g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=

g3 = g1 + (g5g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=

g4 = g1 + (g5g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + () × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
=