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Financial Reporting Quality: Aggregate Accruals

Difficulty: Advanced

Earnings can be decomposed into cash and accrual components. The accrual component (aggregate accruals) has been found to have less persistence than the cash component, and therefore (1) earnings with higher accrual component are less persistent than earnings with smaller accrual component, all else equal; and (2) the cash component of earnings should receive a higher weighting evaluating company performance.


Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio

Adobe Systems Inc., balance sheet computation of aggregate accruals

USD $ in thousands

 
Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013 Nov 30, 2012
Operating Assets
Total assets
Less: Cash and cash equivalents
Less: Short-term investments
Operating assets
Operating Liabilities
Total liabilities
Less: Debt and capital lease obligations, current portion
Less: Debt and capital lease obligations, excluding current portion
Operating liabilities
Net operating assets1
Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals2
Ratio
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio3 % % % % % %
Benchmarks
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors
Alphabet Inc. % % % % % %
Facebook Inc. % % % % % %
International Business Machines Corp. % % % % % %
Microsoft Corp. % % % % % %
Oracle Corp. % % % % % %
salesforce.com inc. % % % % % %
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Computer Services % % % % % %
Balance-Sheet-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Technology % % % % % %

2017 Calculations

1 Net operating assets = Operating assets – Operating liabilities
= =

2 Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals = Net operating assets 2017 – Net operating assets 2016
= =

3 Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio = 100 × Balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × ÷ [( + ) ÷ 2] = %

Ratio Description The company
Balance-sheet-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing balance-sheet-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the balance-sheet-based accruals ratio, Adobe Systems Inc. improved earnings quality from 2016 to 2017.

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Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio

Adobe Systems Inc., cash flow statement computation of aggregate accruals

USD $ in thousands

 
Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013 Nov 30, 2012
Net income
Less: Net cash provided by operating activities
Less: Net cash used for investing activities
Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals
Ratio
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio1 % % % % % %
Benchmarks
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Competitors
Alphabet Inc. % % % % % %
Facebook Inc. % % % % % %
International Business Machines Corp. % % % % % %
Microsoft Corp. % % % % % %
Oracle Corp. % % % % % %
salesforce.com inc. % % % % % %
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Sector
Software & Computer Services % % % % % %
Cash-Flow-Statement-Based Accruals Ratio, Industry
Technology % % % % % %

2017 Calculations

1 Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio = 100 × Cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals ÷ Avg. net operating assets
= 100 × ÷ [( + ) ÷ 2] = %

Ratio Description The company
Cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio Ratio is found by dividing cash-flow-statement-based aggregate accruals by average net operating assets. Using the cash-flow-statement-based accruals ratio, Adobe Systems Inc. deteriorated earnings quality from 2016 to 2017.

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