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Analysis of Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Difficulty: Advanced


Goodwill and Intangible Assets Accounting Policy

BD's unamortized intangible assets include goodwill and in-process research and development assets which arise from acquisitions. BD currently reviews all indefinite-lived assets, including goodwill, for impairment generally using quantitative models. Goodwill is reviewed at least annually for impairment at the reporting unit level, which is defined as an operating segment or one level below an operating segment, referred to as a component. BD's reporting units generally represent one level below reporting segments. Potential impairment of goodwill is generally identified by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit, estimated using an income approach, with its carrying value. The annual impairment review performed on July 1, 2018 indicated that all identified reporting units' fair values exceeded their respective carrying values. The review for impairment of in-process research and development assets is performed by comparing the fair value of the technology or project assets, estimated using an income approach, with their carrying value. In-process research and development assets are considered indefinite-lived assets and are reviewed at least annually for impairment until projects are completed or abandoned.

Amortized intangible assets include developed technology assets which arise from acquisitions. These assets represent acquired intellectual property that is already technologically feasible upon the acquisition date or acquired in-process research and development assets that are completed subsequent to acquisition. Developed technology assets are generally amortized over periods ranging from 15 to 20 years, using the straight-line method. Customer relationship assets are generally amortized over periods ranging from 10 to 15 years, using the straight-line method. Other intangibles with finite useful lives, which include patents, are amortized over periods principally ranging from one to 40 years, using the straight-line method. Finite-lived intangible assets, including developed technology assets, are periodically reviewed when impairment indicators are present to assess recoverability from future operations using undiscounted cash flows. The carrying values of these finite-lived assets are compared to the undiscounted cash flows they are expected to generate and an impairment loss is recognized in operating results to the extent any finite-lived intangible asset's carrying value exceeds its calculated fair value.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21).


Goodwill and Intangible Assets Disclosure

Becton, Dickinson & Co., Statement of Financial Position, Goodwill and Intangible Assets

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015 Sep 30, 2014 Sep 30, 2013
Developed technology hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Customer relationships hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Product rights hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Trademarks hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Patents and other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Amortized intangible assets, gross carrying amount hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accumulated amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Amortized intangible assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Acquired in-process research and development hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Trademarks hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Unamortized intangible assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intangible assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intangible assets and goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-22), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-25), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-27).

Item Description The company
Intangible assets, net Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, excluding goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s intangible assets, net declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Goodwill Amount after accumulated impairment loss of an asset representing future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s goodwill increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Intangible assets and goodwill Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, including goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s intangible assets and goodwill declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Goodwill

Becton, Dickinson & Co., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015 Sep 30, 2014 Sep 30, 2013
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Shareholders’ Equity
Shareholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-22), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-25), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-27).


Becton, Dickinson & Co., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Goodwill (Summary)

Becton, Dickinson & Co., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015 Sep 30, 2014 Sep 30, 2013
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-22), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-25), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-27).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s adjusted financial leverage declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Becton, Dickinson & Co., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015 Sep 30, 2014 Sep 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-22), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-25), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-27).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015 Sep 30, 2014 Sep 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-22), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-25), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-27).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s adjusted financial leverage declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015 Sep 30, 2014 Sep 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-22), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-25), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-27).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015 Sep 30, 2014 Sep 30, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-22), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-25), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-27).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Becton, Dickinson & Co.'s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.