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Analysis of Revenues
Revenue Recognition Accounting Policy
Revenue from product sales is typically recognized when all of the following criteria have been met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; delivery has occurred or services have been rendered; product price is fixed or determinable; collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. Certain sales arrangements contain multiple deliverables, including equipment and service deliverables, which requires BD to determine the separate units of account. If the deliverable meets the criteria of a separate unit of accounting, the arrangement consideration is allocated to each element based upon its relative selling price. In determining the best evidence of selling price of a unit of account BD utilizes vendor-specific objective evidence ("VSOE"), which is the price BD charges when the deliverable is sold separately. When VSOE is not available, management uses relevant third-party evidence ("TPE") of selling price, if available. When neither VSOE nor TPE of selling price exists, management uses its best estimate of selling price.
Revenue allocated to certain equipment deliverables is recognized upon customer acceptance, which occurs after the transfer of title and risk of loss to the customer and the completion of installation or training services. When related services are considered inconsequential, delivery is deemed to occur upon the transfer of title and risk of loss, at which time revenue and the costs associated with services are recognized.
For equipment lease revenue, transactions are evaluated and classified as either operating leases or sales-type leases. Generally, BD’s lease arrangements with customers are accounted for as operating leases and therefore, revenue is recognized at the contracted rate over the rental period, as defined within the customer agreement.
For products sold and leased with embedded software, if software is considered not essential to the non-software elements of a product but is considered more than incidental to a product as a whole, the product’s software elements must be separated from its non-software elements under the requirements relating to multiple-element arrangements and accounted for under software industry-specific revenue recognition requirements. However, if it is determined that the embedded software is more than incidental to the product as a whole but the non-software elements and software elements work together to deliver the essential functionality of the products as a whole, then the accounting for such product does not fall within the scope of software industry-specific accounting requirements.
BD’s domestic businesses sell products primarily to distributors that resell the products to end-user customers. Rebates are provided to distributors that sell to end-user customers at prices determined under a contract between BD and the end-user customer. Provisions for rebates, as well as sales discounts and returns, are based upon estimates and are accounted for as a reduction of revenues when revenue is recognized.
Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21).
Revenues as Reported
Becton, Dickinson & Co., Income Statement, Revenues
USD $ in millions
|12 months ended||Sep 30, 2018||Sep 30, 2017||Sep 30, 2016||Sep 30, 2015||Sep 30, 2014||Sep 30, 2013|
|BD Life Sciences|
Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-22), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-23), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-25), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-27).
|Revenues||Amount of revenue recognized from goods sold, services rendered, insurance premiums, or other activities that constitute an earning process. Includes, but is not limited to, investment and interest income before deduction of interest expense when recognized as a component of revenue, and sales and trading gain (loss).||Becton, Dickinson & Co.’s revenues declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.|