# Applied Materials Inc. (NASDAQ:AMAT)

## Present Value of Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE)

Intermediate level

In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Free cash flow to equity (FCFE) is generally described as cash flows available to the equity holder after payments to debt holders and after allowing for expenditures to maintain the company’s asset base.

### Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)

Applied Materials Inc., free cash flow to equity (FCFE) forecast

US\$ in millions, except per share data

Year Value FCFEt or Terminal value (TVt) Calculation Present value at 14.91%
01 FCFE0 3,479
1 FCFE1 4,273 = 3,479 × (1 + 22.83%) 3,719
2 FCFE2 5,131 = 4,273 × (1 + 20.06%) 3,885
3 FCFE3 6,018 = 5,131 × (1 + 17.29%) 3,965
4 FCFE4 6,891 = 6,018 × (1 + 14.52%) 3,952
5 FCFE5 7,701 = 6,891 × (1 + 11.75%) 3,843
5 Terminal value (TV5) 271,637 = 7,701 × (1 + 11.75%) ÷ (14.91%11.75%) 135,553
Intrinsic value of Applied Materials Inc.’s common stock 154,916

Intrinsic value of Applied Materials Inc.’s common stock (per share) \$168.82
Current share price \$133.73

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-11).

Disclaimer!
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.

### Required Rate of Return (r)

 Assumptions Rate of return on LT Treasury Composite1 RF 2.15% Expected rate of return on market portfolio2 E(RM) 11.70% Systematic risk of Applied Materials Inc.’s common stock βAMAT 1.34 Required rate of return on Applied Materials Inc.’s common stock3 rAMAT 14.91%

1 Unweighted average of bid yields on all outstanding fixed-coupon U.S. Treasury bonds neither due or callable in less than 10 years (risk-free rate of return proxy).

3 rAMAT = RF + βAMAT [E(RM) – RF]
= 2.15% + 1.34 [11.70%2.15%]
= 14.91%

### FCFE Growth Rate (g)

#### FCFE growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model

Applied Materials Inc., PRAT model

Average Oct 25, 2020 Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US\$ in millions)
Dividends declared 796  770  694  428  436  482
Net income 3,619  2,706  3,313  3,434  1,721  1,377
Net sales 17,202  14,608  17,253  14,537  10,825  9,659
Total assets 22,353  19,024  17,773  19,419  14,588  15,308
Stockholders’ equity 10,578  8,214  6,839  9,349  7,217  7,613
Financial Ratios
Retention rate1 0.78 0.72 0.79 0.88 0.75 0.65
Profit margin2 21.04% 18.52% 19.20% 23.62% 15.90% 14.26%
Asset turnover3 0.77 0.77 0.97 0.75 0.74 0.63
Financial leverage4 2.11 2.32 2.60 2.08 2.02 2.01
Averages
Retention rate 0.76
Profit margin 18.76%
Asset turnover 0.73
Financial leverage 2.19

FCFE growth rate (g)5 22.83%

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-12-11), 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09).

2020 Calculations

1 Retention rate = (Net income – Dividends declared) ÷ Net income
= (3,619796) ÷ 3,619
= 0.78

2 Profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × 3,619 ÷ 17,202
= 21.04%

3 Asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= 17,202 ÷ 22,353
= 0.77

4 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 22,353 ÷ 10,578
= 2.11

5 g = Retention rate × Profit margin × Asset turnover × Financial leverage
= 0.76 × 18.76% × 0.73 × 2.19
= 22.83%

#### FCFE growth rate (g) implied by single-stage model

g = 100 × (Equity market value0 × r – FCFE0) ÷ (Equity market value0 + FCFE0)
= 100 × (122,719 × 14.91%3,479) ÷ (122,719 + 3,479)
= 11.75%

where:
Equity market value0 = current market value of Applied Materials Inc.’s common stock (US\$ in millions)
FCFE0 = the last year Applied Materials Inc.’s free cash flow to equity (US\$ in millions)
r = required rate of return on Applied Materials Inc.’s common stock

#### FCFE growth rate (g) forecast

Applied Materials Inc., H-model

Year Value gt
1 g1 22.83%
2 g2 20.06%
3 g3 17.29%
4 g4 14.52%
5 and thereafter g5 11.75%

where:
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by single-stage model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5

Calculations

g2 = g1 + (g5g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 22.83% + (11.75%22.83%) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 20.06%

g3 = g1 + (g5g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 22.83% + (11.75%22.83%) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 17.29%

g4 = g1 + (g5g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 22.83% + (11.75%22.83%) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 14.52%