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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Analysis of Income Taxes

Difficulty: Advanced


Income Tax Accounting Policy

Applied recognizes a current tax liability for the estimated amount of income tax payable on tax returns for the current fiscal year. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax effects of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for net operating loss and tax credit carryovers. Deferred tax assets are offset by a valuation allowance to the extent it is more likely than not that they are not expected to be realized.

Applied recognizes tax benefits from uncertain tax positions only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized from such positions are estimated based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Any changes in judgment related to uncertain tax positions are recognized in Applied's provision for income taxes in the quarter in which such change occurs. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions are recognized in Applied's provision for income taxes.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Applied Materials Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
U.S. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
U.S. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Provision for income taxes hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Applied Materials Inc.'s current declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Applied Materials Inc.'s deferred increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Applied Materials Inc.'s provision for income taxes increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Applied Materials Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
Tax provision at U.S. statutory rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Changes in U.S. tax law hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Resolutions of prior years’ income tax filings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Effect of foreign operations taxed at various rates hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
State income taxes, net of federal benefit hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Research and other tax credits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
U.S. domestic production deduction hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Goodwill impairment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share-based compensation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Effective income tax rate hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax rate Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Applied Materials Inc.'s effective income tax rate declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Applied Materials Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
Allowance for doubtful accounts hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventory reserves and basis difference hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Installation and warranty reserves hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accrued liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Tax credits hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred compensation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Share-based compensation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Fixed assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Gross deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Valuation allowance hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Fixed assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Intangible assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Undistributed foreign earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Foreign exchange hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Deferred tax liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

Item Description The company
Gross deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Applied Materials Inc.'s gross deferred tax assets increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Applied Materials Inc.'s deferred tax assets declined from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Applied Materials Inc.'s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Applied Materials Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

Item Description The company
Non-current deferred tax asset (included in Deferred income taxes and other assets) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Applied Materials Inc.'s non-current deferred tax asset (included in Deferred income taxes and other assets) increased from 2016 to 2017 but then declined significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Non-current deferred tax liability (included in Other liabilities) Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Applied Materials Inc.'s non-current deferred tax liability (included in Other liabilities) increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Applied Materials Inc., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Current Liabilities
Current liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total liabilities (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).


Applied Materials Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Applied Materials Inc., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted current ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Applied Materials Inc., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

2018 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Adjusted current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted current ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted net profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly deteriorated from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders' equity. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted ROE improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014 Oct 27, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-04).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Applied Materials Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.