Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Applied Materials Inc. (NASDAQ:AMAT)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Income Taxes

Applied recognizes a current tax liability for the estimated amount of income tax payable on tax returns for the current fiscal year. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax effects of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for net operating loss and tax credit carryovers. Deferred tax assets are offset by a valuation allowance to the extent it is more likely than not that they are not expected to be realized.

Applied recognizes tax benefits from uncertain tax positions only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized from such positions are estimated based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Any changes in judgment related to uncertain tax positions are recognized in Applied’s provision for income taxes in the quarter in which such change occurs. Interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions are recognized in Applied’s provision for income taxes.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13).


Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Applied Materials Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
U.S.
Foreign
State
Current
U.S.
Foreign
State
Deferred
Provision for income taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Applied Materials Inc.’s current increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Applied Materials Inc.’s deferred increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Provision for income taxes Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Applied Materials Inc.’s provision for income taxes increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Applied Materials Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
Tax provision at U.S. statutory rate
Effect of foreign operations taxed at various rates
Changes in prior years’ unrecognized tax benefits
Resolutions of prior years’ income tax filings
Research and other tax credits
State income taxes, net of federal benefit
U.S. domestic production deduction
Share-based compensation
Other
Effective income tax rate, before changes in U.S. tax law
Changes in U.S. tax law
Effective income tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

Item Description The company
Effective income tax rate, before changes in U.S. tax law Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Applied Materials Inc.’s effective income tax rate, before changes in U.S. tax law decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Applied Materials Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
Allowance for doubtful accounts
Inventory reserves and basis difference
Installation and warranty reserves
Intangible assets
Accrued liabilities
Deferred revenue
Tax credits
Deferred compensation
Share-based compensation
Fixed assets
Other
Gross deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets
Fixed assets
Intangible assets
Undistributed foreign earnings
Foreign exchange
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

Item Description The company
Gross deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Applied Materials Inc.’s gross deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Applied Materials Inc.’s deferred tax assets decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Applied Materials Inc.’s net deferred tax assets (liabilities) decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Applied Materials Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
Current deferred tax asset
Non-current deferred tax asset (included in Deferred income taxes and other assets)
Non-current deferred tax liability (included in Other liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

Item Description The company
Non-current deferred tax asset (included in Deferred income taxes and other assets) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Applied Materials Inc.’s non-current deferred tax asset (included in Deferred income taxes and other assets) decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.
Non-current deferred tax liability (included in Other liabilities) Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Applied Materials Inc.’s non-current deferred tax liability (included in Other liabilities) increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Applied Materials Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Current assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Stockholders’ Equity
Stockholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Stockholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).


Applied Materials Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Applied Materials Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio
Adjusted current ratio
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Applied Materials Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

2019 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Net sales
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Net sales
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

2019 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted stockholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted stockholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 not reaching 2017 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 27, 2019 Oct 28, 2018 Oct 29, 2017 Oct 30, 2016 Oct 25, 2015 Oct 26, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-09), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-17).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Applied Materials Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.