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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

TJX Cos. Inc. (TJX)


Analysis of Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Difficulty: Advanced


Goodwill and Intangible Assets Accounting Policy

Goodwill includes the excess of the purchase price paid over the carrying value of the minority interest acquired in fiscal 1990 in TJX’s former 83%-owned subsidiary and represents goodwill associated with the T.J. Maxx chain, as well as the excess of cost over the estimated fair market value of the net assets acquired by TJX in the purchase of Winners in fiscal 1991, the purchase of STP in fiscal 2013, and the purchase of Trade Secret in fiscal 2016, which was re-brandedunder the T.K. Maxx name during fiscal 2018.

Goodwill is considered to have an indefinite life and accordingly is not amortized.

In fiscal 2018, TJX recorded an impairment charge of $99.3 million which included $97.3 million of STP goodwill and $2.0 million for certain long-lived assets of STP as the estimated fair value of this business fell below the carrying value due to a decrease in projected revenue growth rates. The impairment charge is included within the Marmaxx segment results.

Tradenames, which are included in other assets, are the value assigned to the name "Marshalls," acquired by TJX in fiscal 1996 as part of the acquisition of the Marshalls chain, the value assigned to the name "Sierra Trading Post," acquired by TJX in fiscal 2013 and the value assigned to the name "Trade Secret," acquired by TJX in fiscal 2016. The tradenames were valued by calculating the discounted present value of assumed after-tax royalty payments. The Marshalls tradename is carried at a value of $107.7 million and is considered to have an indefinite life. The Sierra Trading Post tradename is being amortized over 15 years and was carried at a value of $25.5 million in fiscal 2018, $28.0 million in fiscal 2017 and $30.6 million in fiscal 2016 net of amortization of $13.0 million, $10.5 million and $7.9 million in fiscal 2018, fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016, respectively. The Trade Secret tradename is being amortized over 7 years and was carried at a value of $11.7 million in fiscal 2018, $11.0 million in fiscal 2017 and $11.6 million in fiscal 2016, which included a positive impact from foreign exchange of $2.1 million in fiscal 2018, $640,000 in fiscal 2017 and a negative impact from foreign exchange of $90,000 in 2016. The carrying value is also net of amortization of $2.9 million, $1.6 million and $300,000 in fiscal 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

TJX occasionally acquires or licenses other trademarks to be used in connection with private label merchandise. Such trademarks are included in other assets and are amortized to cost of sales, including buying and occupancy costs, over their useful life, generally from 7 to 10 years.

Goodwill, tradenames and trademarks, and the related accumulated amortization or impairment if any, are included in the respective operating segment to which they relate.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-04).


Analyst Adjustments: Removal of Goodwill

TJX Cos. Inc., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 3, 2018 Jan 28, 2017 Jan 30, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Feb 1, 2014 Feb 2, 2013
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Shareholders’ Equity
Shareholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income
Net income (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Impairment of goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-04-02).


TJX Cos. Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios: Removal of Goodwill (Summary)

TJX Cos. Inc., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 3, 2018 Jan 28, 2017 Jan 30, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Feb 1, 2014 Feb 2, 2013
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-04-02).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

TJX Cos. Inc., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 3, 2018 Jan 28, 2017 Jan 30, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Feb 1, 2014 Feb 2, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-04-02).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 3, 2018 Jan 28, 2017 Jan 30, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Feb 1, 2014 Feb 2, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-04-02).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 3, 2018 Jan 28, 2017 Jan 30, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Feb 1, 2014 Feb 2, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-04-02).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 3, 2018 Jan 28, 2017 Jan 30, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Feb 1, 2014 Feb 2, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-04-02).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 3, 2018 Jan 28, 2017 Jan 30, 2016 Jan 31, 2015 Feb 1, 2014 Feb 2, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted net income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-28), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-04-01), 10-K (filing date: 2013-04-02).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. TJX Cos. Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.