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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Stryker Corp. (SYK)


Analysis of Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price over fair value of tangible net assets of acquired businesses at the acquisition date, after amounts allocated to other identifiable intangible assets. Factors that contribute to the recognition of goodwill include synergies that are specific to Stryker’s business and not available to other market participants and are expected to increase net sales and profits; acquisition of a talented workforce; cost savings opportunities; the strategic benefit of expanding the presence in core and adjacent markets; and diversifying the product portfolio.

The fair values of other identifiable intangible assets are primarily determined using the income approach. Other intangible assets include, but are not limited to, developed technology, customer and distributor relationships (which reflect expected continued customer or distributor patronage) and trademarks and patents. Intangible assets with determinable useful lives are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of four to 40 years. Certain acquired trade names are considered to have indefinite lives and are not amortized, but are assessed annually for potential impairment as described below.

In some of the acquisitions, Stryker acquires in-process research and development (IPRD) intangible assets. For acquisitions accounted for as business combinations IPRD is considered to be an indefinite-lived intangible asset until the research is completed (then it becomes a determinable-lived intangible asset) or determined to have no future use (then it is impaired). For asset acquisitions IPRD is expensed immediately unless there is an alternative future use.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07).


Goodwill and Intangible Assets Disclosure

Stryker Corp., balance sheet: goodwill and intangible assets

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Developed technologies hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Customer relationships hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Patents hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Trademarks hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
In-process research and development hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other intangible assets, gross carrying amount hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Accumulated amortization hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Other intangible assets, net carrying amount hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Goodwill and other intangible assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-12).

Item Description The company
Other intangible assets, net carrying amount Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, excluding goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. Stryker Corp.’s other intangible assets, net carrying amount decreased from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Goodwill Amount after accumulated impairment loss of an asset representing future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized. Stryker Corp.’s goodwill increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Goodwill and other intangible assets Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, including goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. Stryker Corp.’s goodwill and other intangible assets increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Goodwill

Stryker Corp., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Stryker Shareholders’ Equity
Total Stryker shareholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Goodwill hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Stryker shareholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-12).


Stryker Corp., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Goodwill (Summary)

Stryker Corp., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-12).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Stryker Corp.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Stryker Corp.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Stryker Corp.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Stryker Corp.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Stryker Corp., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-12).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Stryker Corp.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Stryker shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total Stryker shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-12).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Stryker shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total Stryker shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Stryker Corp.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Stryker shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total Stryker shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-12).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Total Stryker shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Adjusted total Stryker shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Stryker Corp.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-08), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-12).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Stryker Corp.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.