Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc. (NASDAQ:WBA)

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Economic Value Added (EVA)

Advanced level

EVA is registered trademark of Stern Stewart.

Economic value added or economic profit is the difference between revenues and costs,where costs include not only expenses, but also cost of capital.


Economic Profit

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc., economic profit calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Aug 31, 2019 Aug 31, 2018 Aug 31, 2017 Aug 31, 2016 Aug 31, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Cost of capital2
Invested capital3
 
Economic profit4

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-25), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-20), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-20).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cost of capital. See details »

3 Invested capital. See details »

4 2019 Calculation
Economic profit = NOPAT – Cost of capital × Invested capital
= × =

Item Description The company
Economic profit Economic profit is a measure of corporate performance computed by taking the spread between the return on invested capital and the cost of capital, and multiplying by the invested capital. Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc.’s economic profit increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Net Operating Profit after Taxes (NOPAT)

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc., NOPAT calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Aug 31, 2019 Aug 31, 2018 Aug 31, 2017 Aug 31, 2016 Aug 31, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Net earnings attributable to Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc.
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)1
Increase (decrease) in allowance for doubtful accounts2
Increase (decrease) in LIFO reserve3
Increase (decrease) in liabilities related to the exit and disposal activities4
Increase (decrease) in equity equivalents5
Interest expense, net
Interest expense, operating lease liability6
Adjusted interest expense, net
Tax benefit of interest expense, net7
Adjusted interest expense, net, after taxes8
(Gain) loss on marketable securities
Investment income, before taxes
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income9
Investment income, after taxes10
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-25), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-20), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-20).

1 Elimination of deferred tax expense. See details »

2 Addition of increase (decrease) in allowance for doubtful accounts.

3 Addition of increase (decrease) in LIFO reserve. See details »

4 Addition of increase (decrease) in liabilities related to the exit and disposal activities.

5 Addition of increase (decrease) in equity equivalents to net earnings attributable to Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc..

6 2019 Calculation
Interest expense on capitalized operating leases = Operating lease liability × Discount rate
= × =

7 2019 Calculation
Tax benefit of interest expense, net = Adjusted interest expense, net × Statutory income tax rate
= × 21.00% =

8 Addition of after taxes interest expense to net earnings attributable to Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc..

9 2019 Calculation
Tax expense (benefit) of investment income = Investment income, before tax × Statutory income tax rate
= × 21.00% =

10 Elimination of after taxes investment income.

Item Description The company
NOPAT Net operating profit after taxes is income from operations, but after removement of taxes calculated on cash basis that are relevant to operating income. Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc.’s NOPAT increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019.

Cash Operating Taxes

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc., cash operating taxes calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Aug 31, 2019 Aug 31, 2018 Aug 31, 2017 Aug 31, 2016 Aug 31, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Income tax provision
Less: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Add: Tax savings from interest expense, net
Less: Tax imposed on investment income
Cash operating taxes

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-25), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-20), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-20).

Item Description The company
Cash operating taxes Cash operating taxes are estimated by adjusting income tax expense for changes in deferred taxes and tax benefit from the interest deduction. Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc.’s cash operating taxes decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Invested Capital

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc., invested capital calculation (financing approach)

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Aug 31, 2019 Aug 31, 2018 Aug 31, 2017 Aug 31, 2016 Aug 31, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Short-term debt
Long-term debt
Operating lease liability1
Total reported debt & leases
Total Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc. shareholders’ equity
Net deferred tax (assets) liabilities2
Allowance for doubtful accounts3
LIFO reserve4
Liabilities related to the exit and disposal activities5
Equity equivalents6
Accumulated other comprehensive (income) loss, net of tax7
Noncontrolling interests
Adjusted total Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc. shareholders’ equity
Available-for-sale investments8
Invested capital

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-25), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-20), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-20).

1 Addition of capitalized operating leases.

2 Elimination of deferred taxes from assets and liabilities. See details »

3 Addition of allowance for doubtful accounts receivable.

4 Addition of LIFO reserve. See details »

5 Addition of liabilities related to the exit and disposal activities.

6 Addition of equity equivalents to total Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc. shareholders’ equity.

7 Removal of accumulated other comprehensive income.

8 Subtraction of available-for-sale investments.

Item Description The company
Invested capital Capital is an approximation of the economic book value of all cash invested in going-concern business activities. Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc.’s invested capital decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.

Cost of Capital

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc., cost of capital calculations

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Borrowings3 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 21.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-28).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Borrowings. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Borrowings3 ÷ = × × (1 – 25.70%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 25.70%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-11).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Borrowings. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Borrowings3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-25).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Borrowings. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Borrowings3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-20).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Borrowings. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Borrowings3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-28).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Borrowings. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »

Capital (fair value)1 Weights Cost of capital
Equity2 ÷ = × =
Borrowings3 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Operating lease liability4 ÷ = × × (1 – 35.00%) =
Total:

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-20).

1 US$ in millions

2 Equity. See details »

3 Borrowings. See details »

4 Operating lease liability. See details »


Economic Spread Ratio

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc., economic spread ratio calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Aug 31, 2019 Aug 31, 2018 Aug 31, 2017 Aug 31, 2016 Aug 31, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Economic profit1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
Economic spread ratio3
Benchmarks
Economic Spread Ratio, Competitors4
CVS Health Corp.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-25), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-20), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-20).

1 Economic profit. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2019 Calculation
Economic spread ratio = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
Economic spread ratio The ratio of economic profit to invested capital, also equal to the difference between return on invested capital (ROIC) and cost of capital. Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc.’s economic spread ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Economic Profit Margin

Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc., economic profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Aug 31, 2019 Aug 31, 2018 Aug 31, 2017 Aug 31, 2016 Aug 31, 2015 Aug 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Economic profit1
Sales
Performance Ratio
Economic profit margin2
Benchmarks
Economic Profit Margin, Competitors3
CVS Health Corp.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2018-10-11), 10-K (filing date: 2017-10-25), 10-K (filing date: 2016-10-20), 10-K (filing date: 2015-10-28), 10-K (filing date: 2014-10-20).

1 Economic profit. See details »

2 2019 Calculation
Economic profit margin = 100 × Economic profit ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

3 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
Economic profit margin The ratio of economic profit to sales. It is the company’s profit margin covering income efficiency and asset management. Economic profit margin is not biased in favor of capital-intensive business models, because any added capital is a cost to the economic profit margin. Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc.’s economic profit margin improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.