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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Analysis of Operating Leases

Difficulty: Advanced


Operating Leases Accounting Policy

Starbucks leases retail stores, roasting, distribution and warehouse facilities and office space for corporate administrative purposes under operating leases. Most lease agreements contain tenant improvement allowances, rent holidays, lease premiums, rent escalation clauses and/or contingent rent provisions. Starbucks recognizes amortization of lease incentives, premiums and minimum rent expenses on a straight-line basis beginning on the date of initial possession, which is generally when Starbucks enters the space and begin to make improvements in preparation for intended use.

For tenant improvement allowances and rent holidays, Starbucks records a deferred rent liability within accrued liabilities, or other long-term liabilities, on the consolidated balance sheets and amortizes the deferred rent over the terms of the leases as reductions to rent expense in cost of sales including occupancy costs on the consolidated statements of earnings.

For premiums paid upfront to enter a lease agreement, Starbucks records a prepaid rent asset in prepaid expenses and other current assets and other long-term assets on the consolidated balance sheets and amortizes the premium over the terms of the leases as additional rent expense in cost of sales including occupancy costs on the consolidated statements of earnings.

For scheduled rent escalation clauses during the lease terms or for rental payments commencing at a date other than the date of initial possession, Starbucks records minimum rent expense on a straight-line basis over the terms of the leases in cost of sales including occupancy costs on the consolidated statements of earnings, with the adjustments to cash rent accrued as deferred rent in the consolidated balance sheets.

Certain leases provide for contingent rent, which is determined as a percentage of gross sales in excess of specified levels. Starbucks records a contingent rent liability in accrued occupancy costs within accrued liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets and the corresponding rent expense when Starbucks determines that achieving the specified levels during the fiscal year is probable.

When ceasing operations of company-operated stores under operating leases, in cases where the lease contract specifies a termination fee due to the landlord, Starbucks records such expense at the time written notice is given to the landlord. In cases where terms, including termination fees, are yet to be negotiated with the landlord, Starbucks will record the expense upon signing of an agreement with the landlord. In cases where the landlord does not allow Starbucks to prematurely exit the lease, Starbucks recognizes a lease abandonment accrual equal to the present value of the remaining lease payments to the landlord and other rent related payments such as common area maintenance, taxes and insurance, less any projected sublease income at the cease-use date.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16).


Present Value of Future Operating Lease Payments

Starbucks Corp., future operating lease payments

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
Total undiscounted future operating lease payments (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Discount rate1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total present value of future operating lease payments (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

1 Weighted-average interest rate for Starbucks Corp.’s debt

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported) Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden 2021 hidden hidden
2022 hidden 2022 hidden hidden
2023 hidden 2023 hidden hidden
2024 and thereafter hidden 2024 hidden hidden
2025 hidden hidden
2026 hidden hidden
2027 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16).

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported) Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden 2021 hidden hidden
2022 hidden 2022 hidden hidden
2023 and thereafter hidden 2023 hidden hidden
2024 hidden hidden
2025 hidden hidden
2026 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17).

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported) Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden
2017 hidden 2017 hidden hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden 2021 hidden hidden
2022 and thereafter hidden 2022 hidden hidden
2023 hidden hidden
2024 hidden hidden
2025 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18).

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported) Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden
2016 hidden 2016 hidden hidden
2017 hidden 2017 hidden hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 and thereafter hidden 2021 hidden hidden
2022 hidden hidden
2023 hidden hidden
2024 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12).

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported) Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden
2015 hidden 2015 hidden hidden
2016 hidden 2016 hidden hidden
2017 hidden 2017 hidden hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 and thereafter hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden hidden
2022 hidden hidden
2023 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14).

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported) Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden
2014 hidden 2014 hidden hidden
2015 hidden 2015 hidden hidden
2016 hidden 2016 hidden hidden
2017 hidden 2017 hidden hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 and thereafter hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).


Analyst Adjustments for Operating Leases

Starbucks Corp., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Operating leased assets1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Debt
Total debt (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Operating lease obligations2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total debt (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Earnings before Interest and Tax (EBIT)
EBIT3 (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add-back: Minimum rent expense under operating lease agreements hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Depreciation expense, operating leased assets4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
EBIT (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Interest Expense
Interest expense (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Interest expense, operating lease obligations5 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest expense (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

1, 2 Equal to total present value of future operating lease payments. See Details »

3 See Details »

4 See Details »

5 See Details »


Starbucks Corp., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Ratios for Operating Leases (Summary)

Starbucks Corp., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
Total Asset Turnover1
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Debt to Equity2
Reported debt to equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted debt to equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets3 (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest Coverage4
Reported interest coverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted interest coverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Starbucks Corp.’s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted debt-to-equity A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted total debt divided by total shareholders’ equity. Starbucks Corp.’s adjusted debt-to-equity deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Starbucks Corp.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted interest coverage A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted EBIT divided by adjusted interest payments. Starbucks Corp.’s adjusted interest coverage deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Starbucks Corp., Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net revenues hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net revenues ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Starbucks Corp.’s adjusted total asset turnover deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Debt to Equity

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Total debt hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Debt to equity1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted total debt hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted debt to equity2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

2018 Calculations

1 Debt to equity = Total debt ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted debt to equity = Adjusted total debt ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted debt-to-equity A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted total debt divided by total shareholders’ equity. Starbucks Corp.’s adjusted debt-to-equity deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net earnings attributable to Starbucks hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Net earnings attributable to Starbucks hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net earnings attributable to Starbucks ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Net earnings attributable to Starbucks ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Starbucks Corp.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Interest Coverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Earnings before interest and tax1 (EBIT) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest expense hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Interest coverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in thousands)
Adjusted EBIT hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted interest expense hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Adjusted interest coverage3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

1 See Details »

2018 Calculations

2 Interest coverage = EBIT ÷ Interest expense
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

3 Adjusted interest coverage = Adjusted EBIT ÷ Adjusted interest expense
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted interest coverage ratio A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted EBIT divided by adjusted interest payments. Starbucks Corp.’s adjusted interest coverage ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Estimation of Depreciation Expense, Operating Leased Assets

USD $ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
Minimum rent expense under operating lease agreements hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Estimated interest expense, operating lease obligations1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated depreciation expense, operating leased assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).


Estimation of Interest Expense, Operating Lease Obligations

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
Operating leased assets, at beginning of year1 (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Discount rate2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated interest expense, operating lease obligations3 (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

1 See Details »

2 Weighted-average interest rate for Starbucks Corp.’s debt

2018 Calculations

3 Estimated interest expense, operating lease obligations = Operating leased assets, at beginning of year × Discount rate
= hidden × hidden = hidden


Present Value of Operating Lease Payments, at Beginning of Year

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2018 Oct 1, 2017 Oct 2, 2016 Sep 27, 2015 Sep 28, 2014 Sep 29, 2013
Total present value of future operating lease payments1 (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Minimum rent expense under operating lease agreements (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Discount rate2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total present value of operating lease payments, at beginning of year3 (USD $ in thousands) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-17), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-18), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-12), 10-K (filing date: 2014-11-14), 10-K (filing date: 2013-11-18).

1 Equal to total present value of future operating lease payments. See Details »

2 Weighted-average interest rate for Starbucks Corp.’s debt

2018 Calculations

3 Total present value of operating lease payments, at beginning of year = (Total present value of future operating lease payments + Minimum rent expense under operating lease agreements) ÷ (1 + Discount rate)
= (hidden + hidden) ÷ (1 + hidden) = hidden