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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Profitability Analysis

Difficulty: Beginner

Profitability ratios measure the company’s ability to generate profitable sales from its resources (assets).


Ratios (Summary)

General Motors Co., profitability ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on assets (ROA) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-04).

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. General Motors Co.’s gross profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. General Motors Co.’s operating profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. General Motors Co.’s net profit margin deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. General Motors Co.’s ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. General Motors Co.’s ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Gross Profit Margin

General Motors Co., gross profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Automotive and other gross margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Automotive net sales and revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Gross profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors
Ford Motor Co. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-04).

2018 Calculations

1 Gross profit margin = 100 × Automotive and other gross margin ÷ Automotive net sales and revenue
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. General Motors Co.’s gross profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Operating Profit Margin

General Motors Co., operating profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Operating income hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Automotive net sales and revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Operating profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors
Ford Motor Co. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating Profit Margin, Sector
Automobiles & Parts hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating Profit Margin, Industry
Consumer Goods hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-04).

2018 Calculations

1 Operating profit margin = 100 × Operating income ÷ Automotive net sales and revenue
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. General Motors Co.’s operating profit margin improved from 2016 to 2017 but then deteriorated significantly from 2017 to 2018.

Net Profit Margin

General Motors Co., net profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Automotive net sales and revenue hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors
Ford Motor Co. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin, Sector
Automobiles & Parts hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin, Industry
Consumer Goods hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-04).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders ÷ Automotive net sales and revenue
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. General Motors Co.’s net profit margin deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Return on Equity (ROE)

General Motors Co., ROE calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors
Ford Motor Co. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROE, Sector
Automobiles & Parts hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROE, Industry
Consumer Goods hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-04).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. General Motors Co.’s ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Return on Assets (ROA)

General Motors Co., ROA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors
Ford Motor Co. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROA, Sector
Automobiles & Parts hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROA, Industry
Consumer Goods hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-04).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income (loss) attributable to stockholders ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. General Motors Co.’s ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.