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Common Stock Valuation Ratios (Price Multiples) Quarterly Data

Difficulty: Beginner

Valuation ratios measure the quantity of an asset or flaw (e.g., earnings) associated with ownership of a specified claim (e.g., a share of ownership of the enterprise).


Historical Valuation Ratios (Summary)

Caterpillar Inc., historical price multiples (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
Price to earnings (P/E)
Price to operating profit (P/OP)
Price to sales (P/S)
Price to book value (P/BV)
Ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Caterpillar Inc.'s P/E ratio declined from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then slightly increased from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Caterpillar Inc.'s P/OP ratio declined from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Caterpillar Inc.'s P/S ratio increased from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Caterpillar Inc.'s P/BV ratio increased from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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Price to Earnings (P/E)

Caterpillar Inc., historical P/E calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholders (in millions)
Earnings per share (EPS)3
Share price1, 2
P/E ratio4

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Caterpillar Inc.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q4 2017 Calculations

3 EPS = (Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ4 2017 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ3 2017 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ2 2017 + Profit (loss) attributable to common stockholdersQ1 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ( + + + ) ÷ =

4 P/E ratio = Share price ÷ EPS
= ÷ =

Ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Caterpillar Inc.'s P/E ratio declined from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 but then slightly increased from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)

Caterpillar Inc., historical P/OP calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Operating profit (in millions)
Operating profit per share3
Share price1, 2
P/OP ratio4

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Caterpillar Inc.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q4 2017 Calculations

3 Operating profit per share = (Operating profitQ4 2017 + Operating profitQ3 2017 + Operating profitQ2 2017 + Operating profitQ1 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ( + + + ) ÷ =

4 P/OP ratio = Share price ÷ Operating profit per share
= ÷ =

Ratio Description The company
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Caterpillar Inc.'s P/OP ratio declined from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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Price to Sales (P/S)

Caterpillar Inc., historical P/S calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation (in millions)
Sales per share3
Share price1, 2
P/S ratio4

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Caterpillar Inc.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q4 2017 Calculations

3 Sales per share = (Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ4 2017 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ3 2017 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ2 2017 + Sales of Machinery, Energy & TransportationQ1 2017) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ( + + + ) ÷ =

4 P/S ratio = Share price ÷ Sales per share
= ÷ =

Ratio Description The company
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Caterpillar Inc.'s P/S ratio increased from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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Price to Book Value (P/BV)

Caterpillar Inc., historical P/BV calculation (quarterly data)

 
Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Sep 30, 2014 Jun 30, 2014 Mar 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013 Sep 30, 2013 Jun 30, 2013 Mar 31, 2013
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (USD $)
Shareholders' equity attributable to common shareholders (in millions)
Book value per share (BVPS)3
Share price1, 2
P/BV ratio4

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Close price on the filing date of Caterpillar Inc.'s Quarterly or Annual Report.

Q4 2017 Calculations

3 BVPS = Shareholders' equity attributable to common shareholders ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ÷ =

4 P/BV ratio = Share price ÷ BVPS
= ÷ =

Ratio Description The company
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Caterpillar Inc.'s P/BV ratio increased from Q2 2017 to Q3 2017 and from Q3 2017 to Q4 2017.

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