Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Air Products & Chemicals Inc. (NYSE:APD)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Air Products & Chemicals Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
Federal
State
Foreign
Current tax provision
Federal
State
Foreign
Deferred tax provision
Income tax provision

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

Item Description The company
Current tax provision Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s current tax provision decreased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.
Deferred tax provision Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s deferred tax provision increased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.
Income tax provision Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s income tax provision decreased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Air Products & Chemicals Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
U.S. federal statutory tax rate
State taxes, net of federal benefit
Income from equity affiliates
Foreign tax differentials
Tax on foreign repatriated earnings
Share-based compensation
Tax restructuring benefit
Domestic production activities
Non-deductible goodwill impairment charge
Non-U.S. subsidiary tax election
Business separation costs
Other
Effective tax rate, before tax reform
Tax reform repatriation
Tax reform rate change and other
Effective tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

Item Description The company
Effective tax rate, before tax reform Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s effective tax rate, before tax reform increased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Air Products & Chemicals Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
Retirement benefits and compensation accruals
Tax loss carryforwards
Tax credits and other tax carryforwards
Reserves and accruals
Partnership and other investments
Currency losses
Other
Gross deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Net deferred tax assets
Plant and equipment
Currency gains
Unremitted earnings of foreign entities
Partnership and other investments
Intangible assets
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred income tax asset (liability)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

Item Description The company
Gross deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s gross deferred tax assets increased from 2018 to 2019 but then slightly decreased from 2019 to 2020.
Net deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s net deferred tax assets increased from 2018 to 2019 but then slightly decreased from 2019 to 2020.
Net deferred income tax asset (liability) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s net deferred income tax asset (liability) decreased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Air Products & Chemicals Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
Current deferred tax assets (included in Other receivables and current assets)
Noncurrent deferred tax assets (included in Other noncurrent assets)
Current deferred tax liabilities (included in Payables and accrued liabilities)
Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

Item Description The company
Noncurrent deferred tax assets (included in Other noncurrent assets) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s noncurrent deferred tax assets (included in Other noncurrent assets) decreased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.
Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s noncurrent deferred tax liabilities increased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Air Products & Chemicals Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Current assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax assets, net
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Current Liabilities
Current liabilities (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net
Current liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Current deferred tax liabilities, net
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Air Products Shareholders’ Equity
Total Air Products shareholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Total Air Products shareholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income Attributable To Air Products
Net income attributable to Air Products (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income attributable to Air Products (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).


Air Products & Chemicals Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Air Products & Chemicals Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio
Adjusted current ratio
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted current ratio improved from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2018 to 2019 but then deteriorated significantly from 2019 to 2020.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2018 to 2019 but then increased from 2019 to 2020 exceeding 2018 level.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2018 to 2019 but then slightly deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 not reaching 2018 level.

Air Products & Chemicals Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Current assets
Current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted current assets
Adjusted current liabilities
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

2020 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Adjusted current liabilities
= ÷ =

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by adjusted current liabilities. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted current ratio improved from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net income attributable to Air Products
Sales
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net income attributable to Air Products
Sales
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

2020 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to Air Products ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Air Products ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Sales
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Sales
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

2020 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Sales ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2018 to 2019 but then deteriorated significantly from 2019 to 2020.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Total assets
Total Air Products shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted total Air Products shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

2020 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Air Products shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total Air Products shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2018 to 2019 but then increased from 2019 to 2020 exceeding 2018 level.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net income attributable to Air Products
Total Air Products shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net income attributable to Air Products
Adjusted total Air Products shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

2020 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to Air Products ÷ Total Air Products shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Air Products ÷ Adjusted total Air Products shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Sep 30, 2020 Sep 30, 2019 Sep 30, 2018 Sep 30, 2017 Sep 30, 2016 Sep 30, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net income attributable to Air Products
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net income attributable to Air Products
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-11-19), 10-K (filing date: 2019-11-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-11-20), 10-K (filing date: 2017-11-16), 10-K (filing date: 2016-11-21), 10-K (filing date: 2015-11-24).

2020 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to Air Products ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Air Products ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Air Products & Chemicals Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2018 to 2019 but then slightly deteriorated from 2019 to 2020 not reaching 2018 level.