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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Analysis of Operating Leases

Difficulty: Advanced


Operating Leases Accounting Policy

Facebook enters into lease arrangements for office space, land, facilities, data centers, and equipment under non-cancelable capital and operating leases. Certain of the operating lease agreements contain rent holidays, rent escalation provisions, and purchase options. Rent holidays and rent escalation provisions are considered in determining the straight-line rent expense to be recorded over the lease term. The lease term begins on the date of initial possession of the leased property for purposes of recognizing lease expense on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Facebook does not assume renewals in the determination of the lease term unless the renewals are deemed to be reasonably assured at lease inception.

Facebook records assets and liabilities for the estimated construction costs incurred by third parties under build-to-suit lease arrangements to the extent that Facebook is involved in the construction of structural improvements or bear construction risk prior to commencement of a lease.

Source: Facebook Inc., Annual Report


Present Value of Future Operating Lease Payments

Facebook Inc., future operating lease payments

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Total undiscounted future operating lease payments1 (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Discount rate2 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Total present value of future operating lease payments (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Source: Facebook Inc. Annual Reports

2 Internal rate of return on capital leases

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported)1 Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden%
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden 2021 hidden hidden
2022 hidden 2022 hidden hidden
2023 and thereafter hidden 2023 hidden hidden
2024 hidden hidden
2025 hidden hidden
2026 hidden hidden
2027 hidden hidden
2028 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

1 Source: Facebook Inc. Annual Reports

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported)1 Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden%
2017 hidden 2017 hidden hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden 2021 hidden hidden
2022 and thereafter hidden 2022 hidden hidden
2023 hidden hidden
2024 hidden hidden
2025 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

1 Source: Facebook Inc. Annual Reports

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported)1 Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden%
2016 hidden 2016 hidden hidden
2017 hidden 2017 hidden hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 and thereafter hidden 2021 hidden hidden
2022 hidden hidden
2023 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

1 Source: Facebook Inc. Annual Reports

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported)1 Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden%
2015 hidden 2015 hidden hidden
2016 hidden 2016 hidden hidden
2017 hidden 2017 hidden hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 and thereafter hidden 2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden hidden
2022 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

1 Source: Facebook Inc. Annual Reports

Year Future operating lease payments (as reported)1 Year Future operating lease payments (estimated) Present value at hidden%
2014 hidden 2014 hidden hidden
2015 hidden 2015 hidden hidden
2016 hidden 2016 hidden hidden
2017 hidden 2017 hidden hidden
2018 hidden 2018 hidden hidden
2019 and thereafter hidden 2019 hidden hidden
2020 hidden hidden
2021 hidden hidden
Total: hidden hidden hidden

1 Source: Facebook Inc. Annual Reports


Analyst Adjustments for Operating Leases

Facebook Inc., adjustments to financial data

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Operating leased assets1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Debt
Total debt (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Operating lease obligations2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total debt (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Earnings before Interest and Tax (EBIT)
EBIT3 (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add-back: Operating lease expenses4 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Depreciation expense, operating leased assets5 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
EBIT (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Interest Expense
Interest expense (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Interest expense, operating lease obligations6 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest expense (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1, 2 Equal to total present value of future operating lease payments. See Details »

3 See Details »

4 Source: Facebook Inc. Annual Reports

5 See Details »

6 See Details »


Adjusted Ratios for Operating Leases (Summary)

Facebook Inc., adjusted ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Total Asset Turnover1
Reported total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Debt to Equity2
Reported debt to equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted debt to equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets3 (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Adjusted ROA hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Interest Coverage4
Reported interest coverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted interest coverage hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Facebook Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted debt-to-equity A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted total debt divided by total shareholders' equity. Facebook Inc.'s adjusted debt-to-equity deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Facebook Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Adjusted interest coverage A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted EBIT divided by adjusted interest payments. Facebook Inc.'s adjusted interest coverage improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Revenue (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Revenue (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

2017 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenue ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Facebook Inc.'s adjusted total asset turnover improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Debt to Equity

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Total debt (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Debt to equity1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Adjusted total debt (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Stockholders' equity (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted debt to equity2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

2017 Calculations

1 Debt to equity = Total debt ÷ Stockholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted debt to equity = Adjusted total debt ÷ Stockholders' equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted debt-to-equity A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted total debt divided by total shareholders' equity. Facebook Inc.'s adjusted debt-to-equity deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Net income (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
ROA1 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Net income (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA2 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%

2017 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden%

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Net income ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden%

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Facebook Inc.'s adjusted ROA improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Adjusted Interest Coverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
As Reported
Earnings before interest and tax1 (EBIT) (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest expense (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest coverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Adjusted EBIT (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted interest expense (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted interest coverage3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 See Details »

2017 Calculations

2 Interest coverage = EBIT ÷ Interest expense
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

3 Adjusted interest coverage = Adjusted EBIT ÷ Adjusted interest expense
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Adjusted interest coverage ratio A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted EBIT divided by adjusted interest payments. Facebook Inc.'s adjusted interest coverage ratio improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Estimation of Depreciation Expense, Operating Leased Assets

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Operating lease expenses1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Estimated interest expense, operating lease obligations2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated depreciation expense, operating leased assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Source: Facebook Inc., Annual Reports

2 See Details »


Estimation of Interest Expense, Operating Lease Obligations

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Operating leased assets, at beginning of year1 (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Discount rate2 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Estimated interest expense, operating lease obligations3 (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 See Details »

2 Internal rate of return on capital leases

2017 Calculations

3 Estimated interest expense, operating lease obligations = Operating leased assets, at beginning of year × Discount rate
= hidden × hidden = hidden


Present Value of Operating Lease Payments, at Beginning of Year

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Total present value of future operating lease payments1 (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Operating lease expenses2 (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Discount rate3 hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden% hidden%
Total present value of operating lease payments, at beginning of year4 (USD $ in millions) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

1 Equal to total present value of future operating lease payments. See Details »

2 Source: Facebook Inc., Annual Reports

3 Internal rate of return on capital leases

2017 Calculations

4 Total present value of operating lease payments, at beginning of year = (Total present value of future operating lease payments + Operating lease expenses) ÷ (1 + Discount rate)
= (hidden + hidden) ÷ (1 + hidden%) = hidden