Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Biogen Inc. (NASDAQ:BIIB)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Advanced level

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Biogen Inc., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended: Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Federal
State
Foreign
Current
Federal
State
Foreign
Deferred
Income tax expense

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Biogen Inc.’s current decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Biogen Inc.’s deferred increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Income tax expense Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Biogen Inc.’s income tax expense decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Biogen Inc., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
U.S. federal statutory tax rate
State taxes
Taxes on foreign earnings
Credits and net operating loss utilization
Purchased intangible assets
Divestiture of Denmark manufacturing operations
Internal reorganization of certain intellectual property rights
GILTI
Other permanent items
Swiss tax reform
Manufacturing deduction
Impairment of ZINBRYTA related tax assets
Other
Effective tax rate, before U.S. tax reform
U.S. tax reform
Effective tax rate

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

Item Description The company
Effective tax rate, before U.S. tax reform Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Biogen Inc.’s effective tax rate, before U.S. tax reform decreased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Biogen Inc., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Tax credits
Inventory, other reserves, and accruals
Intangibles, net
Net operating loss
Share-based compensation
Other
Deferred tax assets, gross
Valuation allowance
Deferred tax assets
Purchased intangible assets
GILTI
Tax credits
Depreciation, amortization and other
Deferred tax liabilities
Deferred tax assets and liabilities, net

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets, gross Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Biogen Inc.’s deferred tax assets, gross increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Biogen Inc.’s deferred tax assets increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities, net Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Biogen Inc.’s deferred tax assets and liabilities, net increased from 2017 to 2018 but then decreased significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Biogen Inc., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Deferred tax asset
Deferred tax liability

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax asset Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Biogen Inc.’s deferred tax asset increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Deferred tax liability Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Biogen Inc.’s deferred tax liability increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Biogen Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in thousands

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Biogen Inc. Shareholders’ Equity
Total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Income Attributable To Biogen Inc.
Net income attributable to Biogen Inc. (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net income attributable to Biogen Inc. (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).


Biogen Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Biogen Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Biogen Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Biogen Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Biogen Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Biogen Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Biogen Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Biogen Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net income attributable to Biogen Inc.
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net income attributable to Biogen Inc.
Revenues
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to Biogen Inc. ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Biogen Inc. ÷ Revenues
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Biogen Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Revenues
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Revenues
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

2019 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Biogen Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Total assets
Total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

2019 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Biogen Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly increased from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net income attributable to Biogen Inc.
Total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net income attributable to Biogen Inc.
Adjusted total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to Biogen Inc. ÷ Total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Biogen Inc. ÷ Adjusted total Biogen Inc. shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Biogen Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Net income attributable to Biogen Inc.
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in thousands)
Adjusted net income attributable to Biogen Inc.
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-06), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-01), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-03).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to Biogen Inc. ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to Biogen Inc. ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Biogen Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.