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# Amazon.com Inc. (AMZN)

## Market Value Added (MVA)

Market value added (MVA) is the difference between a firms's fair value and its invested capital. MVA is a measure of the value a company has created in excess of the resources already committed to the enterprise.

### MVA

Amazon.com Inc., MVA calculation

USD \$ in millions

Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Fair value of Debt1
PV of operating lease payments2
Market value of common equity
Preferred stock, \$0.01 par value; none issued and outstanding shares
Less: Marketable securities
Market (fair) value of Amazon.com
Less: Invested capital3
MVA

Source: Based on data from Amazon.com Inc. Annual Reports

1 Fair value of debt. See Details »

2 Present value of operating lease payments. See Details »

3 Invested capital. See Details »

Item Description The company
MVA Amazon.com's market (fair) value less invested capital. Amazon.com Inc.'s MVA increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Amazon.com Inc., MVA spread calculation

Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD \$ in millions)
Market value added (MVA)1
Invested capital2
Ratio
MVA spread3 % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Amazon.com Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 MVA. See Details »

2 Invested capital. See Details »

3 MVA spread = 100 × MVA ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
MVA spread The ratio of MVA to invested capital. It measures the efficiency with which investors' capital investment has translated into a franchise value and into an aggregate net present value premium. Amazon.com Inc.'s MVA spread improved from 2015 to 2016 but then slightly deteriorated from 2016 to 2017.

### MVA Margin

Amazon.com Inc., MVA margin calculation

Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD \$ in millions)
Market value added (MVA)1
Net sales
Increase (decrease) in unearned revenue
Ratio
MVA margin2 % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Amazon.com Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 MVA. See Details »

2 MVA margin = 100 × MVA ÷ (Net sales + Change in unearned revenue)
= 100 × ÷ ( + ) = %

Ratio Description The company
MVA margin The ratio of MVA to sales. It measures how efficiently and prodigiously sales translate into franchise value. Amazon.com Inc.'s MVA margin improved from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.