Stock Analysis on Net

Amazon.com Inc. (NASDAQ:AMZN)

$24.99

Analysis of Operating Leases

Microsoft Excel

An operating lease is treated like a rental contract. Neither the leased asset nor the associated liability is reported on the lessee balance sheet, but the rights may be very similar to the rights of an owner. The lessee only records the lease payments as a rental expense in income statement.


Adjustments to Financial Statements for Operating Leases

Amazon.com Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2023 Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Add: Operating lease right-of-use asset (before adoption of FASB Topic 842)1
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Debt
Total debt (as reported)
Add: Operating lease liability (before adoption of FASB Topic 842)2
Add: Current portion of lease liabilities, operating leases
Add: Long-term lease liabilities, operating leases, excluding current portion
Total debt (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31).

1, 2 Equal to total present value of future operating lease payments.


Amazon.com Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios for Operating Leases (Summary)

Amazon.com Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2023 Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019
Total Asset Turnover1
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Debt to Equity2
Reported debt to equity
Adjusted debt to equity
Return on Assets3 (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Amazon.com Inc. adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 and from 2022 to 2023.
Adjusted debt to equity A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted total debt divided by total shareholders’ equity. Amazon.com Inc. adjusted debt to equity ratio deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 but then improved from 2022 to 2023 exceeding 2021 level.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Amazon.com Inc. adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 but then improved from 2022 to 2023 not reaching 2021 level.

Amazon.com Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2023 Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31).

2023 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Amazon.com Inc. adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 and from 2022 to 2023.

Adjusted Debt to Equity

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2023 Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total debt
Stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Debt to equity1
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total debt
Stockholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted debt to equity2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31).

2023 Calculations

1 Debt to equity = Total debt ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted debt to equity = Adjusted total debt ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted debt-to-equity A solvency ratio calculated as adjusted total debt divided by total shareholders’ equity. Amazon.com Inc. adjusted debt-to-equity ratio deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 but then improved from 2022 to 2023 exceeding 2021 level.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2023 Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income (loss)
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Operating Leases
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income (loss)
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2023-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31).

2023 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income (loss) ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Net income (loss) ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. Amazon.com Inc. adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 but then improved from 2022 to 2023 not reaching 2021 level.