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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc


Analysis of Property, Plant and Equipment

Difficulty: Advanced


Property, Plant and Equipment Accounting Policy

Internal-Use Software and Website Development

Costs incurred to develop software for internal use and Amazon.com's websites are capitalized and amortized over the estimated useful life of the software. Costs related to design or maintenance of internal-use software and website development are expensed as incurred. For the years ended 2015, 2016, and 2017, Amazon.com capitalized $642 million (including $114 million of stock-based compensation), $511 million (including $94 million of stock-based compensation), and $395 million (including $84 million of stock-based compensation) of costs associated with internal-use software and website development. Amortization of previously capitalized amounts was $635 million, $634 million, and $545 million for 2015, 2016, and 2017.

Property and Equipment, Net

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Incentives that Amazon.com receives from property and equipment vendors are recorded as a reduction in the costs. Property includes buildings and land that Amazon.com owns, along with property Amazon.com has acquired under build-to-suit, finance, and capital lease arrangements. Equipment includes assets such as furniture and fixtures, heavy equipment, servers and networking equipment, and internal-use software and website development. Depreciation is recorded on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets (generally the lesser of 40 years or the remaining life of the underlying building, two years for assets such as internal-use software, three years for Amazon.com's servers, five years for networking equipment, five yearsfor furniture and fixtures, and ten years for heavy equipment). Depreciation expense is classified within the corresponding operating expense categories on Amazon.com's consolidated statements of operations.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-02).


Property, Plant and Equipment Disclosure

Amazon.com Inc., Statement of Financial Position, Property, Plant and Equipment

USD $ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-10), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-31).

Item Description The company
Gross property and equipment Amount before accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. Amazon.com Inc.'s gross property and equipment increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Property and equipment, net Amount after accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization of physical assets used in the normal conduct of business to produce goods and services and not intended for resale. Examples include, but are not limited to, land, buildings, machinery and equipment, office equipment, and furniture and fixtures. Amazon.com Inc.'s property and equipment, net increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Property, Plant and Equipment Ratios (Summary)

Amazon.com Inc., Property, Plant and Equipment Ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Average age hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated total useful life (years) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated age, time elapsed since purchase (years) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Estimated remaining life (years) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-10), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-31).

Ratio Description The company
Average age As long as straight-line depreciation is used, this is an accurate estimate of asset age as a percentage of depreciable life. The relative age is a useful measure of whether the company's fixed asset base is old or new. Newer assets are likely to be more efficient. Amazon.com Inc.'s average age of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.
Estimated total useful life Over longer time periods, this ratio is a useful measure of company's depreciation policy and can be used for comparisons with competitors. Amazon.com Inc.'s estimated total useful life of depreciable property, plant and equipment increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Estimated time elapsed since purchase The approximate age in years of a company's fixed assets. Useful for comparison purposes. Amazon.com Inc.'s estimated time elapsed since purchase of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.
Estimated remaining life Amazon.com Inc.'s estimated remaining life of depreciable property, plant and equipment increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Average Age

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Accumulated depreciation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Gross property and equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Average age1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-10), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-31).

2017 Calculations

1 Average age = 100 × Accumulated depreciation ÷ Gross property and equipment
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Average age As long as straight-line depreciation is used, this is an accurate estimate of asset age as a percentage of depreciable life. The relative age is a useful measure of whether the company's fixed asset base is old or new. Newer assets are likely to be more efficient. Amazon.com Inc.'s average age of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 but then improved from 2016 to 2017 not reaching 2015 level.

Estimated Total Useful Life

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Gross property and equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Depreciation expense on property and equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Estimated total useful life (years)1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-10), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-31).

2017 Calculations

1 Estimated total useful life (years) = Gross property and equipment ÷ Depreciation expense on property and equipment
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Estimated total useful life Over longer time periods, this ratio is a useful measure of company's depreciation policy and can be used for comparisons with competitors. Amazon.com Inc.'s estimated total useful life of depreciable property, plant and equipment increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Estimated Age, Time Elapsed since Purchase

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Accumulated depreciation hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Depreciation expense on property and equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Time elapsed since purchase (years)1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-10), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-31).

2017 Calculations

1 Time elapsed since purchase (years) = Accumulated depreciation ÷ Depreciation expense on property and equipment
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Estimated time elapsed since purchase The approximate age in years of a company's fixed assets. Useful for comparison purposes. Amazon.com Inc.'s estimated time elapsed since purchase of depreciable property, plant and equipment deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

Estimated Remaining Life

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Property and equipment, net hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Depreciation expense on property and equipment hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Ratio
Estimated remaining life (years)1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-10), 10-K (filing date: 2016-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2014-01-31).

2017 Calculations

1 Estimated remaining life (years) = Property and equipment, net ÷ Depreciation expense on property and equipment
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Ratio Description The company
Estimated remaining life Amazon.com Inc.'s estimated remaining life of depreciable property, plant and equipment increased from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.