Stock Analysis on Net

Northrop Grumman Corp. (NYSE:NOC)

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Return on Capital (ROC)

Microsoft Excel

Return on capital (ROC) is after tax rate of return on net business assets. ROIC is unaffected by changes in interest rates or company debt and equity structure. It measures business productivity performance.

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Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)

Northrop Grumman Corp., ROIC calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
ROIC3
Benchmarks
ROIC, Competitors4
Boeing Co.
Caterpillar Inc.
General Electric Co.
Honeywell International Inc.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Raytheon Technologies Corp.

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2022 Calculation
ROIC = 100 × NOPAT ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
ROIC A measure of the periodic, after tax, cash-on-cash yield earned in the business. Northrop Grumman Corp. ROIC improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Decomposition of ROIC

Northrop Grumman Corp., decomposition of ROIC

Microsoft Excel
ROIC = OPM1 × TO2 × 1 – CTR3
Dec 31, 2022 = × ×
Dec 31, 2021 = × ×
Dec 31, 2020 = × ×
Dec 31, 2019 = × ×
Dec 31, 2018 = × ×

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

1 Operating profit margin (OPM). See calculations »

2 Turnover of capital (TO). See calculations »

3 Effective cash tax rate (CTR). See calculations »

The primary reason for the decrease in return on invested capital (ROIC) over 2022 year is the decrease in profitability measured by operating profit margin (OPM) ratio.


Operating Profit Margin (OPM)

Northrop Grumman Corp., OPM calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Add: Cash operating taxes2
Net operating profit before taxes (NOPBT)
 
Sales
Profitability Ratio
OPM3
Benchmarks
OPM, Competitors4
Boeing Co.
Caterpillar Inc.
General Electric Co.
Honeywell International Inc.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Raytheon Technologies Corp.

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cash operating taxes. See details »

3 2022 Calculation
OPM = 100 × NOPBT ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
OPM The operating profit margin (OPM) is the ratio of pretax economic earnings, or NOPBT, to sales. Northrop Grumman Corp. OPM improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Turnover of Capital (TO)

Northrop Grumman Corp., TO calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Sales
Invested capital1
Efficiency Ratio
TO2
Benchmarks
TO, Competitors3
Boeing Co.
Caterpillar Inc.
General Electric Co.
Honeywell International Inc.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Raytheon Technologies Corp.

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

1 Invested capital. See details »

2 2022 Calculation
TO = Sales ÷ Invested capital
= ÷ =

3 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Efficiency ratio Description The company
TO The turnover of capital (TO) is the ratio of sales to invested capital. Capital turnover is a function of the efficiency of working capital management and of net fixed assets. Northrop Grumman Corp. TO deteriorated from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.

Effective Cash Tax Rate (CTR)

Northrop Grumman Corp., CTR calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Add: Cash operating taxes2
Net operating profit before taxes (NOPBT)
Tax Rate
CTR3
Benchmarks
CTR, Competitors4
Boeing Co.
Caterpillar Inc.
General Electric Co.
Honeywell International Inc.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Raytheon Technologies Corp.

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cash operating taxes. See details »

3 2022 Calculation
CTR = 100 × Cash operating taxes ÷ NOPBT
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Tax rate Description The company
CTR Effective cash tax rate on operating income. Northrop Grumman Corp. CTR increased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.