Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Northrop Grumman Corp. (NYSE:NOC)

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Return on Capital (ROC)

Advanced level

Return on capital (ROC) is after tax rate of return on net business assets. ROIC is unaffected by changes in interest rates or company’s debt and equity structure. It measures business productivity performance.


Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)

Northrop Grumman Corp., ROIC calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
ROIC3
Benchmarks
ROIC, Competitors4
Boeing Co.
General Dynamics Corp.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Raytheon Technologies Corp.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2019 Calculation
ROIC = 100 × NOPAT ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
ROIC A measure of the periodic, after tax, cash-on-cash yield earned in the business. Northrop Grumman Corp.’s ROIC improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Decomposition of ROIC

Northrop Grumman Corp., decomposition of ROIC

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROIC = OPM1 × TO2 × 1 – CTR3
Dec 31, 2019 = × ×
Dec 31, 2018 = × ×
Dec 31, 2017 = × ×
Dec 31, 2016 = × ×
Dec 31, 2015 = × ×

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01).

1 Operating profit margin (OPM). See calculations »

2 Turnover of capital (TO). See calculations »

3 Effective cash tax rate (CTR). See calculations »

The primary reason for the decrease in return on invested capital (ROIC) over 2019 year is the decrease in profitability measured by operating profit margin (OPM) ratio.


Operating Profit Margin (OPM)

Northrop Grumman Corp., OPM calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Add: Cash operating taxes2
Net operating profit before taxes (NOPBT)
 
Sales
Profitability Ratio
OPM3
Benchmarks
OPM, Competitors4
Boeing Co.
General Dynamics Corp.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Raytheon Technologies Corp.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cash operating taxes. See details »

3 2019 Calculation
OPM = 100 × NOPBT ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
OPM The operating profit margin (OPM) is the ratio of pretax economic earnings, or NOPBT, to sales. Northrop Grumman Corp.’s OPM improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Turnover of Capital (TO)

Northrop Grumman Corp., TO calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Sales
Invested capital1
Efficiency Ratio
TO2
Benchmarks
TO, Competitors3
Boeing Co.
General Dynamics Corp.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Raytheon Technologies Corp.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01).

1 Invested capital. See details »

2 2019 Calculation
TO = Sales ÷ Invested capital
= ÷ =

3 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Efficiency ratio Description The company
TO The turnover of capital (TO) is the ratio of sales to invested capital. Capital turnover is a function of the efficiency of working capital management and of net fixed assets. Northrop Grumman Corp.’s TO improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Effective Cash Tax Rate (CTR)

Northrop Grumman Corp., CTR calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT)1
Add: Cash operating taxes2
Net operating profit before taxes (NOPBT)
Tax Rate
CTR3
Benchmarks
CTR, Competitors4
Boeing Co.
General Dynamics Corp.
Lockheed Martin Corp.
Raytheon Technologies Corp.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2019-01-31), 10-K (filing date: 2018-01-29), 10-K (filing date: 2017-01-30), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-01).

1 NOPAT. See details »

2 Cash operating taxes. See details »

3 2019 Calculation
CTR = 100 × Cash operating taxes ÷ NOPBT
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Tax rate Description The company
CTR Effective cash tax rate on operating income. Northrop Grumman Corp.’s CTR decreased from 2017 to 2018 but then increased from 2018 to 2019 exceeding 2017 level.