Stock Analysis on Net

Northrop Grumman Corp. (NYSE:NOC)

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Analysis of Income Taxes

Microsoft Excel

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Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

Northrop Grumman Corp., income tax expense (benefit), continuing operations

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel
12 months ended: Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Federal income tax expense
Foreign income tax expense
Current
Federal income tax expense
Foreign income tax expense
Deferred
Federal and foreign income tax expense

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

Item Description The company
Current Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to taxable income (loss) from continuing operations. Northrop Grumman Corp. current increased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly decreased from 2021 to 2022.
Deferred Amount of deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to income (loss) from continuing operations. Northrop Grumman Corp. deferred increased from 2020 to 2021 but then decreased significantly from 2021 to 2022.
Federal and foreign income tax expense Amount of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Northrop Grumman Corp. federal and foreign income tax expense increased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly decreased from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)

Northrop Grumman Corp., effective income tax rate (EITR) reconciliation

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Statutory federal income tax rate
Research credit
Foreign derived intangible income
IT services divestiture nondeductible goodwill
Settlements with taxing authorities
Other, net
Effective tax rate, before impacts related to the 2017 Tax Act
Impacts related to the 2017 Tax Act
Effective tax rate

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

Item Description The company
Effective tax rate, before impacts related to the 2017 Tax Act Percentage of current income tax expense (benefit) and deferred income tax expense (benefit) pertaining to continuing operations. Northrop Grumman Corp. effective tax rate, before impacts related to the 2017 Tax Act increased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly decreased from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Components of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities

Northrop Grumman Corp., components of deferred tax assets and liabilities

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Retiree benefits
Capitalized research and experimental expenditures
Accrued employee compensation
Provisions for accrued liabilities
Inventory
Stock-based compensation
Operating lease liabilities
Tax credits
Other
Gross deferred tax assets
Valuation allowance
Net deferred tax assets
Goodwill
Purchased intangibles
Property, plant and equipment, net
Operating lease right-of-use assets
Contract accounting differences
Other
Deferred tax liabilities
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

Item Description The company
Gross deferred tax assets Amount before allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Northrop Grumman Corp. gross deferred tax assets decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then increased from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.
Net deferred tax assets Amount after allocation of valuation allowances of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible temporary differences and carryforwards. Northrop Grumman Corp. net deferred tax assets decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then increased from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.
Net deferred tax assets (liabilities) Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, without jurisdictional netting. Northrop Grumman Corp. net deferred tax assets (liabilities) decreased from 2020 to 2021 but then increased from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities, Classification

Northrop Grumman Corp., deferred tax assets and liabilities, classification

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Deferred tax assets
Deferred tax liabilities

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

Item Description The company
Deferred tax assets Amount, after allocation of valuation allowances and deferred tax liability, of deferred tax asset attributable to deductible differences and carryforwards, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Northrop Grumman Corp. deferred tax assets decreased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.
Deferred tax liabilities Amount, after deferred tax asset, of deferred tax liability attributable to taxable differences, with jurisdictional netting and classified as noncurrent. Northrop Grumman Corp. deferred tax liabilities increased from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly decreased from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Deferred Taxes

Northrop Grumman Corp., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax assets, net
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total Liabilities
Total liabilities (as reported)
Less: Noncurrent deferred tax liabilities, net
Total liabilities (adjusted)
Adjustment to Shareholders’ Equity
Shareholders’ equity (as reported)
Less: Net deferred tax assets (liabilities)
Shareholders’ equity (adjusted)
Adjustment to Net Earnings
Net earnings (as reported)
Add: Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
Net earnings (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).


Northrop Grumman Corp., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Deferred Taxes (Summary)

Northrop Grumman Corp., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin
Adjusted net profit margin
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted ROE improved from 2020 to 2021 but then deteriorated significantly from 2021 to 2022.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted ROA improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Northrop Grumman Corp., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings
Sales
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings
Sales
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

2022 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by total revenue. Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Sales
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Sales
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

2022 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Sales ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted total asset turnover ratio improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted shareholders’ equity
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

2022 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted financial leverage ratio decreased from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings
Shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings
Adjusted shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

2022 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Adjusted shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted ROE improved from 2020 to 2021 but then deteriorated significantly from 2021 to 2022.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel
Dec 31, 2022 Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Deferred Taxes
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2022-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31).

2022 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. Northrop Grumman Corp. adjusted ROA improved from 2020 to 2021 but then slightly deteriorated from 2021 to 2022 not reaching 2020 level.