# Marathon Oil Corp. (NYSE:MRO)

## Dividend Discount Model (DDM)

In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Dividends are the cleanest and most straightforward measure of cash flow because these are clearly cash flows that go directly to the investor.

### Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)

Marathon Oil Corp., dividends per share (DPS) forecast

US\$

Year Value DPSt or Terminal value (TVt) Calculation Present value at 31.75%
0 DPS01 0.18
1 DPS1 0.16 = 0.18 × (1 + -8.81%) 0.12
2 DPS2 0.17 = 0.16 × (1 + 1.04%) 0.10
3 DPS3 0.18 = 0.17 × (1 + 10.90%) 0.08
4 DPS4 0.22 = 0.18 × (1 + 20.76%) 0.07
5 DPS5 0.29 = 0.22 × (1 + 30.61%) 0.07
5 Terminal value (TV5) 33.33 = 0.29 × (1 + 30.61%) ÷ (31.75%30.61%) 8.40
Intrinsic value of Marathon Oil Corp. common stock (per share) \$8.84
Current share price \$20.68

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31).

1 DPS0 = Sum of the last year dividends per share of Marathon Oil Corp. common stock. See details »

Disclaimer!
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.

### Required Rate of Return (r)

 Assumptions Rate of return on LT Treasury Composite1 RF 3.31% Expected rate of return on market portfolio2 E(RM) 12.71% Systematic risk of Marathon Oil Corp. common stock βMRO 3.02 Required rate of return on Marathon Oil Corp. common stock3 rMRO 31.75%

1 Unweighted average of bid yields on all outstanding fixed-coupon U.S. Treasury bonds neither due or callable in less than 10 years (risk-free rate of return proxy).

3 rMRO = RF + βMRO [E(RM) – RF]
= 3.31% + 3.02 [12.71%3.31%]
= 31.75%

### Dividend Growth Rate (g)

#### Dividend growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model

Marathon Oil Corp., PRAT model

Average Dec 31, 2021 Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017
Selected Financial Data (US\$ in millions)
Dividends paid 141  64  162  169  170
Net income (loss) 946  (1,451) 480  1,096  (5,723)
Revenues 5,601  3,097  5,063  5,902  4,373
Total assets 16,994  17,956  20,245  21,321  22,012
Stockholders’ equity 10,686  10,561  12,153  12,128  11,708
Financial Ratios
Retention rate1 0.85 0.66 0.85
Profit margin2 16.89% -46.85% 9.48% 18.57% -130.87%
Asset turnover3 0.33 0.17 0.25 0.28 0.20
Financial leverage4 1.59 1.70 1.67 1.76 1.88
Averages
Retention rate 0.79
Profit margin -26.56%
Asset turnover 0.25
Financial leverage 1.72

Dividend growth rate (g)5 -8.81%

Based on: 10-K (reporting date: 2021-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2020-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2019-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2018-12-31), 10-K (reporting date: 2017-12-31).

2021 Calculations

1 Retention rate = (Net income (loss) – Dividends paid) ÷ Net income (loss)
= (946141) ÷ 946
= 0.85

2 Profit margin = 100 × Net income (loss) ÷ Revenues
= 100 × 946 ÷ 5,601
= 16.89%

3 Asset turnover = Revenues ÷ Total assets
= 5,601 ÷ 16,994
= 0.33

4 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Stockholders’ equity
= 16,994 ÷ 10,686
= 1.59

5 g = Retention rate × Profit margin × Asset turnover × Financial leverage
= 0.79 × -26.56% × 0.25 × 1.72
= -8.81%

#### Dividend growth rate (g) implied by Gordon growth model

g = 100 × (P0 × rD0) ÷ (P0 + D0)
= 100 × (\$20.68 × 31.75%\$0.18) ÷ (\$20.68 + \$0.18)
= 30.61%

where:
P0 = current price of share of Marathon Oil Corp. common stock
D0 = the last year dividends per share of Marathon Oil Corp. common stock
r = required rate of return on Marathon Oil Corp. common stock

#### Dividend growth rate (g) forecast

Marathon Oil Corp., H-model

Year Value gt
1 g1 -8.81%
2 g2 1.04%
3 g3 10.90%
4 g4 20.76%
5 and thereafter g5 30.61%

where:
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by Gordon growth model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5

Calculations

g2 = g1 + (g5g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= -8.81% + (30.61%-8.81%) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 1.04%

g3 = g1 + (g5g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= -8.81% + (30.61%-8.81%) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 10.90%

g4 = g1 + (g5g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= -8.81% + (30.61%-8.81%) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= 20.76%