Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

HP Inc. (NYSE:HPQ)

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Analysis of Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill

HP reviews goodwill for impairment annually during its fourth quarter and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of goodwill may not be recoverable. HP can elect to perform a qualitative assessment to test a reporting unit’s goodwill for impairment or HP can directly perform the quantitative impairment test. Based on the qualitative assessment, if HP determines that the fair value of a reporting unit is more likely than not (i.e., a likelihood of more than 50 percent) to be less than its carrying amount, a quantitative impairment test will be performed.

In the quantitative impairment test, HP compares the fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying amount with the fair values derived most significantly from the income approach, and to a lesser extent, the market approach. Under the income approach, HP estimates the fair value of a reporting unit based on the present value of estimated future cash flows. HP bases cash flow projections on management’s estimates of revenue growth rates and operating margins, taking into consideration industry and market conditions. HP bases the discount rate on the weighted-average cost of capital adjusted for the relevant risk associated with business-specific characteristics and the uncertainty related to the reporting unit’s ability to execute on the projected cash flows. Under the market approach, HP estimates fair value based on market multiples of revenue and earnings derived from comparable publicly-traded companies with similar operating and investment characteristics as the reporting unit. HP weights the fair value derived from the market approach depending on the level of comparability of these publicly-traded companies to the reporting unit. When market comparables are not meaningful or not available, HP estimates the fair value of a reporting unit using only the income approach.

In order to assess the reasonableness of the estimated fair value of HP’s reporting units, HP compares the aggregate reporting unit fair value to HP’s market capitalization on an overall basis and calculates an implied control premium (the excess of the sum of the reporting units’ fair value over HP’s market capitalization on an overall basis). HP evaluates the control premium by comparing it to observable control premiums from recent comparable transactions. If the implied control premium is determined to not be reasonable in light of these recent transactions, HP re-evaluates its reporting unit fair values, which may result in an adjustment to the discount rate and/or other assumptions. This re-evaluation could result in a change to the estimated fair value for certain or all reporting units.

If the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds the carrying amount of the net assets assigned to that reporting unit, goodwill is not impaired. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, goodwill is impaired and the excess of the reporting unit’s carrying value over the fair value is recognized as an impairment loss.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13).


Goodwill and Intangible Asset Disclosure

HP Inc., balance sheet: goodwill and intangible assets

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 31, 2018 Oct 31, 2017 Oct 31, 2016 Oct 31, 2015 Oct 31, 2014 Oct 31, 2013
Customer contracts, customer lists and distribution agreements
Technology and patents
Trade name and trade marks
In-process research and development
Intangible assets, gross
Accumulated amortization
Intangible assets, net
Goodwill
Goodwill and purchased intangible assets

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-14), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-16), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-30).

Item Description The company
Intangible assets, net Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, excluding goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. HP Inc.’s intangible assets, net increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Goodwill Amount after accumulated impairment loss of an asset representing future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized.
Goodwill and purchased intangible assets Sum of the carrying amounts of all intangible assets, including goodwill, as of the balance sheet date, net of accumulated amortization and impairment charges. HP Inc.’s goodwill and purchased intangible assets increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjustments to Financial Statements: Removal of Goodwill

HP Inc., adjustments to financial statements

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 31, 2018 Oct 31, 2017 Oct 31, 2016 Oct 31, 2015 Oct 31, 2014 Oct 31, 2013
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported)
Less: Goodwill
Total assets (adjusted)
Adjustment to Total HP Stockholders’ Equity (deficit)
Total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit) (as reported)
Less: Goodwill
Total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit) (adjusted)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-14), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-16), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-30).


HP Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: Removal of Goodwill (Summary)

HP Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 31, 2018 Oct 31, 2017 Oct 31, 2016 Oct 31, 2015 Oct 31, 2014 Oct 31, 2013
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover
Adjusted total asset turnover
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage
Adjusted financial leverage
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE
Adjusted ROE
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA
Adjusted ROA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-14), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-16), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-30).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. HP Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. HP Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

HP Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 31, 2018 Oct 31, 2017 Oct 31, 2016 Oct 31, 2015 Oct 31, 2014 Oct 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net revenue
Total assets
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net revenue
Adjusted total assets
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-14), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-16), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-30).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net revenue ÷ Total assets
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net revenue ÷ Adjusted total assets
= ÷ =

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. HP Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 not reaching 2016 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 31, 2018 Oct 31, 2017 Oct 31, 2016 Oct 31, 2015 Oct 31, 2014 Oct 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets
Total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets
Adjusted total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-14), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-16), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-30).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit)
= ÷ =

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit)
= ÷ =

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 31, 2018 Oct 31, 2017 Oct 31, 2016 Oct 31, 2015 Oct 31, 2014 Oct 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings
Total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings
Adjusted total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit)
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-14), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-16), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-30).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit)
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Adjusted total HP stockholders’ equity (deficit)
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Oct 31, 2018 Oct 31, 2017 Oct 31, 2016 Oct 31, 2015 Oct 31, 2014 Oct 31, 2013
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Adjusted for Goodwill
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings
Adjusted total assets
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2018-12-13), 10-K (filing date: 2017-12-14), 10-K (filing date: 2016-12-15), 10-K (filing date: 2015-12-16), 10-K (filing date: 2014-12-18), 10-K (filing date: 2013-12-30).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by adjusted total assets. HP Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.