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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

DuPont de Nemours Inc. (DD)


Analysis of Inventory

High level of difficulty


Accounting Policy on Inventory

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The method of determining cost for each subsidiary varies among last-in, first-out (“LIFO”); first-in, first-out (“FIFO”); and average cost, and is used consistently from year to year. At December 31, 2018, approximately 19 percent, 61 percent and 20 percent of DowDuPont’s inventories were accounted for under the LIFO, FIFO and average cost methods, respectively. At December 31, 2017, approximately 18 percent, 63 percent and 19 percent of DowDuPont’s inventories were accounted for under the LIFO, FIFO and average cost methods, respectively.

DowDuPont routinely exchanges and swaps raw materials and finished goods with other companies to reduce delivery time, freight and other transportation costs. These transactions are treated as non-monetary exchanges and are valued at cost.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11).


Inventory Disclosure

DuPont de Nemours Inc., balance sheet: inventory

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Finished goods hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Work in process hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Raw materials hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Supplies hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
FIFO inventories hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment of inventories to a LIFO basis hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

Item Description The company
Inventories Amount after valuation and LIFO reserves of inventory expected to be sold, or consumed within one year or operating cycle, if longer. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s inventories increased from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly declined from 2017 to 2018.

Adjustment to Inventory: Conversion from LIFO to FIFO

Adjusting LIFO Inventory to FIFO (Current) Cost

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Adjustment to Inventories
Inventories at LIFO (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories at FIFO (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total DuPont’s Stockholders’ Equity
Total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Income Attributable To DuPont
Net income attributable to DuPont (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Increase (decrease) in inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net income attributable to DuPont (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s inventory value on Dec 31, 2018 would be $16,523  (in millions) if the FIFO inventory method was used instead of LIFO. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s inventories, valued on a LIFO basis, on Dec 31, 2018 were $16,621 . DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s inventories would have been $(98) higher than reported on Dec 31, 2018 if the FIFO method had been used instead.


DuPont de Nemours Inc., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: LIFO vs. FIFO (Summary)

DuPont de Nemours Inc., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted current ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio declined from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly increased from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.

DuPont de Nemours Inc., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

2018 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted current ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to DuPont hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to DuPont hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net income attributable to DuPont ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to DuPont ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Net sales ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio declined from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly increased from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to DuPont hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to DuPont hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net income attributable to DuPont ÷ Total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to DuPont ÷ Adjusted total DuPont’s stockholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income attributable to DuPont hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net income attributable to DuPont hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-15), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-12), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-13).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net income attributable to DuPont ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net income attributable to DuPont ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. DuPont de Nemours Inc.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then slightly improved from 2017 to 2018.