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## Present Value of Free Cash Flow to the Firm (FCFF)

Difficulty: Intermediate

In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Free cash flow to the firm (FCFF) is generally described as cash flows after direct costs and before any payments to capital suppliers.

### Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)

Adobe Systems Inc., free cash flow to the firm (FCFF) forecast

USD \$ in thousands, except per share data

Year Value FCFFt or Terminal value (TVt) Calculation Present value at %
01 FCFF0
1 FCFF1 = × (1 + %)
2 FCFF2 = × (1 + %)
3 FCFF3 = × (1 + %)
4 FCFF4 = × (1 + %)
5 FCFF5 = × (1 + %)
5 Terminal value (TV5) = × (1 + %) ÷ (% – %)
Less: Debt and capital lease obligations, including current portion (fair value)
Intrinsic value of Adobe's common stock
Intrinsic value of Adobe's common stock (per share) \$
Current share price \$

Disclaimer!
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.

### Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)

Adobe Systems Inc., cost of capital

Value1 Weight Required rate of return2 Calculation
Equity (fair value) %
Debt and capital lease obligations, including current portion (fair value) % = % × (1 – %)

1 USD \$ in thousands

Equity (fair value) = No. shares of common stock outstanding × Current share price
= × \$ = \$

Debt and capital lease obligations, including current portion (fair value). See Details »

2 Required rate of return on equity is estimated by using CAPM. See Details »

Required rate of return on debt. See Details »

Required rate of return on debt is after tax.

Estimated (average) effective income tax rate
= (% + % + % + % + % + %) ÷ 6 = %

WACC = %

### FCFF Growth Rate (g)

#### FCFF growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model

Average Dec 1, 2017 Dec 2, 2016 Nov 27, 2015 Nov 28, 2014 Nov 29, 2013 Nov 30, 2012
Selected Financial Data (USD \$ in thousands)
Interest expense
Net income
Effective income tax rate (EITR)1 % % % % % %
Interest expense, after tax2
Interest expense (after tax) and dividends
EBIT(1 – EITR)3
Debt and capital lease obligations, current portion
Debt and capital lease obligations, excluding current portion
Stockholders' equity
Total capital
Ratios
Retention rate (RR)4
Return on invested capital (ROIC)5 % % % % % %
Averages
RR
ROIC %
Growth rate of FCFF (g)6 %

2017 Calculations

2 Interest expense, after tax = Interest expense × (1 – EITR)
= × (1 – %) =

3 EBIT(1 – EITR) = Net income + Interest expense, after tax
= + =

4 RR = [EBIT(1 – EITR) – Interest expense (after tax) and dividends] ÷ EBIT(1 – EITR)
= [] ÷ =

5 ROIC = 100 × EBIT(1 – EITR) ÷ Total capital
= 100 × ÷ = %

6 g = RR × ROIC
= × % = %

#### FCFF growth rate (g) implied by single-stage model

g = 100 × (Total capital, fair value0 × WACC – FCFF0) ÷ (Total capital, fair value0 + FCFF0)
= 100 × ( × % – ) ÷ ( + ) = %

where:
Total capital, fair value0 = current fair value of Adobe's debt and equity (USD \$ in thousands)
FCFF0 = last year Adobe's free cash flow to the firm (USD \$ in thousands)
WACC = weighted average cost of Adobe's capital

#### FCFF growth rate (g) forecast

Year Value gt
1 g1 %
2 g2 %
3 g3 %
4 g4 %
5 and thereafter g5 %

where:
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by single-stage model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5

Calculations

g2 = g1 + (g5g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= % + (% – %) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1) = %

g3 = g1 + (g5g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= % + (% – %) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1) = %

g4 = g1 + (g5g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= % + (% – %) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1) = %