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Linde plc (NYSE:LIN)


Common Stock Valuation Ratios (Price Multiples)
Quarterly Data

Beginner level

Valuation ratios measure the quantity of an asset or flaw (e.g., earnings) associated with ownership of a specified claim (e.g., a share of ownership of the enterprise).


Historical Valuation Ratios (Summary)

Linde plc, historical price multiples (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
Price to earnings (P/E)
Price to operating profit (P/OP)
Price to sales (P/S)
Price to book value (P/BV)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-10), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-29), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-29).

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Linde plc’s P/E ratio increased from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Linde plc’s P/OP ratio increased from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Linde plc’s P/S ratio decreased from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company’s required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Linde plc’s P/BV ratio increased from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then slightly decreased from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 not reaching Q2 2019 level.

Price to Earnings (P/E)

Linde plc, historical P/E calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (US$)
Net income, Linde plc (in millions)
Earnings per share (EPS)2
Share price1, 3
Valuation Ratio
P/E ratio4
Benchmarks
P/E Ratio, Competitors5
DuPont de Nemours Inc.
Ecolab Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-10), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-29), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-29).

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Q4 2019 Calculation
EPS = (Net income, Linde plcQ4 2019 + Net income, Linde plcQ3 2019 + Net income, Linde plcQ2 2019 + Net income, Linde plcQ1 2019) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ( + + + ) ÷ =

3 Closing price as at the filing date of Linde plc’s Quarterly or Annual Report.

4 Q4 2019 Calculation
P/E ratio = Share price ÷ EPS
= ÷ =

5 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/E ratio The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in common stock pays per dollar of current earnings. Linde plc’s P/E ratio increased from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)

Linde plc, historical P/OP calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (US$)
Operating profit (in millions)
Operating profit per share2
Share price1, 3
Valuation Ratio
P/OP ratio4
Benchmarks
P/OP Ratio, Competitors5
DuPont de Nemours Inc.
Ecolab Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-10), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-29), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-29).

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Q4 2019 Calculation
Operating profit per share = (Operating profitQ4 2019 + Operating profitQ3 2019 + Operating profitQ2 2019 + Operating profitQ1 2019) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ( + + + ) ÷ =

3 Closing price as at the filing date of Linde plc’s Quarterly or Annual Report.

4 Q4 2019 Calculation
P/OP ratio = Share price ÷ Operating profit per share
= ÷ =

5 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/OP ratio Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit. Linde plc’s P/OP ratio increased from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Price to Sales (P/S)

Linde plc, historical P/S calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (US$)
Sales (in millions)
Sales per share2
Share price1, 3
Valuation Ratio
P/S ratio4
Benchmarks
P/S Ratio, Competitors5
DuPont de Nemours Inc.
Ecolab Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-10), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-29), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-29).

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Q4 2019 Calculation
Sales per share = (SalesQ4 2019 + SalesQ3 2019 + SalesQ2 2019 + SalesQ1 2019) ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ( + + + ) ÷ =

3 Closing price as at the filing date of Linde plc’s Quarterly or Annual Report.

4 Q4 2019 Calculation
P/S ratio = Share price ÷ Sales per share
= ÷ =

5 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/S ratio An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative. Linde plc’s P/S ratio decreased from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 and from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019.

Price to Book Value (P/BV)

Linde plc, historical P/BV calculation (quarterly data)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Sep 30, 2019 Jun 30, 2019 Mar 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Sep 30, 2018 Jun 30, 2018 Mar 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Sep 30, 2017 Jun 30, 2017 Mar 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Sep 30, 2016 Jun 30, 2016 Mar 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Sep 30, 2015 Jun 30, 2015 Mar 31, 2015
No. shares of common stock outstanding1
Selected Financial Data (US$)
Total Linde plc shareholders’ equity (in millions)
Book value per share (BVPS)2
Share price1, 3
Valuation Ratio
P/BV ratio4
Benchmarks
P/BV Ratio, Competitors5
DuPont de Nemours Inc.
Ecolab Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-11-12), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-08-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2019-05-10), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-11-09), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-07-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2018-04-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-10-26), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-07-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2017-04-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-10-27), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-07-28), 10-Q (filing date: 2016-04-29), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-10-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-07-29), 10-Q (filing date: 2015-04-29).

1 Data adjusted for splits and stock dividends.

2 Q4 2019 Calculation
BVPS = Total Linde plc shareholders’ equity ÷ No. shares of common stock outstanding
= ÷ =

3 Closing price as at the filing date of Linde plc’s Quarterly or Annual Report.

4 Q4 2019 Calculation
P/BV ratio = Share price ÷ BVPS
= ÷ =

5 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
P/BV ratio The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company’s required rate of return and its actual rate of return. Linde plc’s P/BV ratio increased from Q2 2019 to Q3 2019 but then slightly decreased from Q3 2019 to Q4 2019 not reaching Q2 2019 level.