Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
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Linde plc (NYSE:LIN)

Cash Flow Statement

Beginner level

The cash flow statement provides information about a company’s cash receipts and cash payments during an accounting period, showing how these cash flows link the ending cash balance to the beginning balance shown on the company’s balance sheet.

The cash flow statement consists of three parts: cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities, cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities, and cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities.

Linde plc, consolidated cash flow statement

US$ in millions

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12 months ended: Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016
Net income, Linde plc 2,501  2,285  4,381  1,247  1,500 
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax and noncontrolling interests (4) (102) (108) —  — 
Noncontrolling interests from continuing operations 125  89  15  61  38 
Income from continuing operations, including noncontrolling interests 2,622  2,272  4,288  1,308  1,538 
Cost Reduction Programs and other charges, net of payments 258  (236) 40  26  83 
Amortization of merger-related inventory step-up —  12  368  —  — 
Tax Act income tax charge, net —  —  (61) 394  — 
Depreciation and amortization 4,626  4,675  1,830  1,184  1,122 
Deferred income taxes, excluding Tax Act (369) (303) (187) 136  (13)
Share-based compensation 133  95  62  59  39 
Net gain on sale of businesses, net of tax —  (108) (2,923) —  — 
Non-cash charges and other 152  (127) 175  43  (43)
Accounts receivable 19  80  (124) (92) (33)
Contract assets and liabilities, net 90  87  —  —  — 
Inventory 18  (81) (4) (22) (13)
Prepaid and other current assets 128  (72) 43  (66)
Payables and accruals 109  (174) 287  22  92 
Working capital 364  (160) 202  (158) 52 
Pension contributions (91) (94) (87) (19) (11)
Long-term assets, liabilities and other (266) 93  (53) 68 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities 4,807  3,847  (634) 1,733  1,235 
Net cash provided by operating activities 7,429  6,119  3,654  3,041  2,773 
Capital expenditures (3,400) (3,682) (1,883) (1,311) (1,465)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (68) (225) (25) (33) (363)
Divestitures and asset sales, net of cash divested 482  5,096  5,908  30  58 
Cash acquired in merger transaction —  —  1,363  —  — 
Net cash (used for) provided by investing activities (2,986) 1,189  5,363  (1,314) (1,770)
Short-term debt borrowings (repayments), net 1,198  224  208  (199) 191 
Long-term debt borrowings 2,796  99  11  936 
Long-term debt repayments (2,681) (1,583) (3,124) (583) (770)
Issuances of ordinary shares 47  72  77  120  139 
Purchases of ordinary shares (2,457) (2,658) (599) (12) (228)
Cash dividends, Linde plc shareholders (2,028) (1,891) (1,166) (901) (856)
Noncontrolling interest transactions and other (220) (3,260) (402) (92) (55)
Net cash used for financing activities (3,345) (8,997) (4,998) (1,656) (643)
Cash provided by operating activities —  69  48  —  — 
Cash used for investing activities —  (60) (23) —  — 
Cash provided by financing activities —  —  — 
Net cash provided by discontinued operations —  14  27  —  — 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents (44) (77) (60) 22  17 
Change in cash and cash equivalents 1,054  (1,752) 3,986  93  377 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning-of-period 2,700  4,466  617  524  147 
Cash and cash equivalents, including discontinued operations 3,754  2,714  4,603  617  524 
Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations —  (14) (137) —  — 
Cash and cash equivalents, end-of-period 3,754  2,700  4,466  617  524 

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01).

Cash flow statement item Description The company
Net cash provided by operating activities Amount of cash inflow (outflow) from operating activities, excluding discontinued operations. Operating activity cash flows include transactions, adjustments, and changes in value not defined as investing or financing activities. Linde plc’s net cash provided by operating activities increased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.
Net cash (used for) provided by investing activities Amount of cash inflow (outflow) of investing activities, excluding discontinued operations. Investing activity cash flows include making and collecting loans and acquiring and disposing of debt or equity instruments and property, plant, and equipment and other productive assets. Linde plc’s net cash (used for) provided by investing activities decreased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.
Net cash used for financing activities Amount of cash inflow (outflow) of financing activities, excluding discontinued operations. Financing activity cash flows include obtaining resources from owners and providing them with a return on, and a return of, their investment; borrowing money and repaying amounts borrowed, or settling the obligation; and obtaining and paying for other resources obtained from creditors on long-term credit. Linde plc’s net cash used for financing activities decreased from 2018 to 2019 but then increased from 2019 to 2020 exceeding 2018 level.