Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Altria Group Inc. (NYSE:MO)

DuPont Analysis: Disaggregation of ROE, ROA, and Net Profit Margin

Beginner level

Two-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Altria Group Inc., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = ROA × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2019 -20.78% = -2.62% × 7.92
Dec 31, 2018 47.09% = 12.51% × 3.76
Dec 31, 2017 66.48% = 23.66% × 2.81
Dec 31, 2016 111.50% = 31.00% × 3.60
Dec 31, 2015 181.98% = 16.11% × 11.30

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2019 year is the decrease in profitability measured by return on assets ratio (ROA).


Three-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Altria Group Inc., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2019 -20.78% = -5.15% × 0.51 × 7.92
Dec 31, 2018 47.09% = 27.45% × 0.46 × 3.76
Dec 31, 2017 66.48% = 39.97% × 0.59 × 2.81
Dec 31, 2016 111.50% = 55.31% × 0.56 × 3.60
Dec 31, 2015 181.98% = 20.61% × 0.78 × 11.30

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2019 year is the decrease in profitability measured by net profit margin ratio.


Five-Component Disaggregation of ROE

Altria Group Inc., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2019 -20.78% = -1.68 × 0.37 × 8.34% × 0.51 × 7.92
Dec 31, 2018 47.09% = 0.75 × 0.93 × 39.56% × 0.46 × 3.76
Dec 31, 2017 66.48% = 1.04 × 0.93 × 41.25% × 0.59 × 2.81
Dec 31, 2016 111.50% = 0.65 × 0.97 × 87.79% × 0.56 × 3.60
Dec 31, 2015 181.98% = 0.65 × 0.91 × 34.93% × 0.78 × 11.30

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2019 year is the decrease in effect of taxes measured by tax burden ratio.


Two-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Altria Group Inc., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROA = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover
Dec 31, 2019 -2.62% = -5.15% × 0.51
Dec 31, 2018 12.51% = 27.45% × 0.46
Dec 31, 2017 23.66% = 39.97% × 0.59
Dec 31, 2016 31.00% = 55.31% × 0.56
Dec 31, 2015 16.11% = 20.61% × 0.78

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2019 year is the decrease in profitability measured by net profit margin ratio.


Four-Component Disaggregation of ROA

Altria Group Inc., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROA = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover
Dec 31, 2019 -2.62% = -1.68 × 0.37 × 8.34% × 0.51
Dec 31, 2018 12.51% = 0.75 × 0.93 × 39.56% × 0.46
Dec 31, 2017 23.66% = 1.04 × 0.93 × 41.25% × 0.59
Dec 31, 2016 31.00% = 0.65 × 0.97 × 87.79% × 0.56
Dec 31, 2015 16.11% = 0.65 × 0.91 × 34.93% × 0.78

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2019 year is the decrease in effect of taxes measured by tax burden ratio.


Disaggregation of Net Profit Margin

Altria Group Inc., decomposition of net profit margin ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Net Profit Margin = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin
Dec 31, 2019 -5.15% = -1.68 × 0.37 × 8.34%
Dec 31, 2018 27.45% = 0.75 × 0.93 × 39.56%
Dec 31, 2017 39.97% = 1.04 × 0.93 × 41.25%
Dec 31, 2016 55.31% = 0.65 × 0.97 × 87.79%
Dec 31, 2015 20.61% = 0.65 × 0.91 × 34.93%

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-02-25), 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-27), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-25).

The primary reason for the decrease in net profit margin ratio over 2019 year is the decrease in effect of taxes measured by tax burden ratio.