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Market Value Added (MVA)

Difficulty: Advanced

Market value added (MVA) is the difference between a firms's fair value and its invested capital. MVA is a measure of the value a company has created in excess of the resources already committed to the enterprise.


MVA

Altria Group Inc., MVA calculation

USD $ in millions

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Fair value of Long-term debt, including current portion1
PV of operating lease payments2
Market value of common equity
Redeemable noncontrolling interest
Noncontrolling interests
Market (fair) value of Altria Group
Less: Invested capital3
MVA

Source: Based on data from Altria Group Inc. Annual Reports

1 Fair value of debt. See Details »

2 Present value of operating lease payments. See Details »

3 Invested capital. See Details »

Item Description The company
MVA Altria Group's market (fair) value less invested capital. Altria Group Inc.'s MVA increased from 2015 to 2016 but then declined significantly from 2016 to 2017.

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MVA Spread

Altria Group Inc., MVA spread calculation

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Market value added (MVA)1
Invested capital2
Ratio
MVA spread3 % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Altria Group Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 MVA. See Details »

2 Invested capital. See Details »

3 MVA spread = 100 × MVA ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
MVA spread The ratio of MVA to invested capital. It measures the efficiency with which investors' capital investment has translated into a franchise value and into an aggregate net present value premium. Altria Group Inc.'s MVA spread deteriorated from 2015 to 2016 and from 2016 to 2017.

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MVA Margin

Altria Group Inc., MVA margin calculation

 
Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014 Dec 31, 2013
Selected Financial Data (USD $ in millions)
Market value added (MVA)1
Net revenues
Ratio
MVA margin2 % % % % %

Source: Based on data from Altria Group Inc. Annual Reports

2017 Calculations

1 MVA. See Details »

2 MVA margin = 100 × MVA ÷ Net revenues
= 100 × ÷ = %

Ratio Description The company
MVA margin The ratio of MVA to sales. It measures how efficiently and prodigiously sales translate into franchise value. Altria Group Inc.'s MVA margin improved from 2015 to 2016 but then deteriorated significantly from 2016 to 2017.

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