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United Technologies Corp. (UTX)


DuPont Analysis: Disaggregation of ROE, ROA, and Net Profit Margin

Difficulty: Beginner


Two-Component Disaggregation of ROE

United Technologies Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = ROA × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2018 13.70% = 3.93% × 3.49
Dec 31, 2017 15.37% = 4.70% × 3.27
Dec 31, 2016 18.33% = 5.64% × 3.25
Dec 31, 2015 27.81% = 8.70% × 3.20
Dec 31, 2014 19.93% = 6.81% × 2.92

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-05).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2018 year is the decrease in profitability measured by return on assets ratio (ROA).


Three-Component Disaggregation of ROE

United Technologies Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2018 13.70% = 7.92% × 0.50 × 3.49
Dec 31, 2017 15.37% = 7.61% × 0.62 × 3.27
Dec 31, 2016 18.33% = 8.83% × 0.64 × 3.25
Dec 31, 2015 27.81% = 13.56% × 0.64 × 3.20
Dec 31, 2014 19.93% = 9.55% × 0.71 × 2.92

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-05).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2018 year is the decrease in efficiency measured by asset turnover ratio.


Five-Component Disaggregation of ROE

United Technologies Corp., decomposition of ROE

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROE = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover × Financial Leverage
Dec 31, 2018 13.70% = 0.67 × 0.87 × 13.71% × 0.50 × 3.49
Dec 31, 2017 15.37% = 0.62 × 0.88 × 14.06% × 0.62 × 3.27
Dec 31, 2016 18.33% = 0.75 × 0.85 × 13.82% × 0.64 × 3.25
Dec 31, 2015 27.81% = 0.78 × 0.91 × 19.01% × 0.64 × 3.20
Dec 31, 2014 19.93% = 0.73 × 0.89 × 14.72% × 0.71 × 2.92

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-05).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on equity ratio (ROE) over 2018 year is the decrease in efficiency measured by asset turnover ratio.


Two-Component Disaggregation of ROA

United Technologies Corp., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROA = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover
Dec 31, 2018 3.93% = 7.92% × 0.50
Dec 31, 2017 4.70% = 7.61% × 0.62
Dec 31, 2016 5.64% = 8.83% × 0.64
Dec 31, 2015 8.70% = 13.56% × 0.64
Dec 31, 2014 6.81% = 9.55% × 0.71

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-05).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2018 year is the decrease in asset turnover ratio.


Four-Component Disaggregation of ROA

United Technologies Corp., decomposition of ROA

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
ROA = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin × Asset Turnover
Dec 31, 2018 3.93% = 0.67 × 0.87 × 13.71% × 0.50
Dec 31, 2017 4.70% = 0.62 × 0.88 × 14.06% × 0.62
Dec 31, 2016 5.64% = 0.75 × 0.85 × 13.82% × 0.64
Dec 31, 2015 8.70% = 0.78 × 0.91 × 19.01% × 0.64
Dec 31, 2014 6.81% = 0.73 × 0.89 × 14.72% × 0.71

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-05).

The primary reason for the decrease in return on assets ratio (ROA) over 2018 year is the decrease in efficiency measured by asset turnover ratio.


Disaggregation of Net Profit Margin

United Technologies Corp., decomposition of net profit margin ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Net Profit Margin = Tax Burden × Interest Burden × EBIT Margin
Dec 31, 2018 7.92% = 0.67 × 0.87 × 13.71%
Dec 31, 2017 7.61% = 0.62 × 0.88 × 14.06%
Dec 31, 2016 8.83% = 0.75 × 0.85 × 13.82%
Dec 31, 2015 13.56% = 0.78 × 0.91 × 19.01%
Dec 31, 2014 9.55% = 0.73 × 0.89 × 14.72%

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-07), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-09), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-11), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-05).

The primary reason for the increase in net profit margin ratio over 2018 year is the increase in effect of taxes measured by tax burden ratio.