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Corporate Profile

Basic information about Praxair Inc.


Financial Statements

Income Statement

The income statement (statement of earnings) reports on the performance of Praxair Inc., the result of its operating activities.

Statement of Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income is the change in equity (net assets) of Praxair Inc. during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owners sources. It includes all changes in equity during a period except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners.

Statement of Financial Position, Assets

The assets reports major classes and amounts of resources owned or controlled by Praxair Inc..

Statement of Financial Position, Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

The liabilities and stockholders' equity reports major classes and amounts of external claims on assets and owners' capital contributions, and other internally generated sources of capital.

Statement of Cash Flows

The cash flow statement provides information about Praxair Inc.'s cash receipts and cash payments during an accounting period, showing how these cash flaws link the ending cash balance to the beginning balance shown on Praxair Inc.'s statement of financial position.


Common-Size Financial Statements

Common-Size Income Statement

Income statement components (revenues and expenses) shown as percentage of total sales.

Common-Size Statement of Financial Position, Assets

Assets components shown as percentage of total assets.

Common-Size Statement of Financial Position, Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

Liabilities and stockholders' equity components shown as percentage of total liabilities and stockholders' equity.


Financial Ratios

Short-term (Operating) Activity Analysis

Evaluates revenues and output generated by the Praxair Inc.'s assets. Operating performance ratios describe the relationship between the Praxair Inc.'s level of operations and the assets needed to sustain operating activities.

Long-term (Investment) Activity Analysis

Measures how efficiently Praxair Inc. generates revenues from its investments in fixed or total assets.

Liquidity Analysis

Measures the adequacy of Praxair Inc.'s cash resources to meet its near-term cash obligations.

Long-term Debt and Solvency Analysis

Examines Praxair Inc.'s capital structure in terms of the mix of its financing sources and the ability of the firm to satisfy its longer-term debt and investment obligations.


Relative Valuation

Common Stock Valuation Ratios

Relative valuation technique determine the value of Praxair Inc. by comparing it to similar entities (like industry or sector) on the basis of several relative ratios that compare its stock price to relevant variables that affect the stock's value, such as earnings, book value, and sales.

Enterprise Value (EV)

Enterprise value is total company value (the market value of common equity, debt, and preferred equity) minus the value of cash and short-term investments.

Enterprise Value to EBITDA (EV/EBITDA)

To calculate EBITDA analysts start with net earnings. To that earnings number, interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization are added. EBITDA as a pre-interest number is a flow to all providers of capital.

Enterprise Value to FCFF (EV/FCFF)

Free cash flow to the firm is the cash flow available to the Praxair Inc.'s suppliers of capital after all operating expenses have been paid and necessary investments in working and fixed capital have been made.

Price to FCFE (P/FCFE)

Free cash flow to equity is the cash flow available to Praxair Inc.'s equity holders after all operating expenses, interest, and principal payments have been paid and necessary investments in working and fixed capital have been made.


Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) Valuation

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)

CAPM is a theory concentrated with deriving the expected rates of return on risky assets based on the assets' systematic risk levels. Systematic risk is the variability of returns that is due to macroeconomic factors that affect all risky assets. It cannot be eliminated by diversification.

Dividend Discount Model (DDM)

The Dividend Discount Model (DDM) is a technique for estimating the value of a share of Praxair Inc.'s common stock issue as the present value of all future dividends.

Present Value of Free Cash Flow to the Firm (FCFF)

The FCFF valuation approach estimates the value of the firm as the present value of future FCFF discounted at the weighted average cost of capital (WACC).

Present Value of Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE)

The FCFE valuation approach estimates the value of equity as the present value of future FCFE discounted at the required rate of return on equity.


Current Ratio
since 2005

Praxair Inc.'s liquidity ratio calculated as current assets divided by current liabilities.

Debt to Equity
since 2005

Praxair Inc.'s solvency ratio calculated as total debt divided by total shareholders' equity.

Operating Profit Margin
since 2005

Praxair Inc.'s profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue.

Net Profit Margin
since 2005

Praxair Inc.'s indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue.

Return on Equity (ROE)
since 2005

Praxair Inc.'s profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders' equity.

Return on Assets (ROA)
since 2005

Praxair Inc.'s profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets.

Price to Earnings (P/E)
since 2005

The P/E ratio tells analyst how much an investor in Praxair Inc.'s common stock pays per dollar of current earnings.

Price to Operating Profit (P/OP)
since 2005

Because P/E ratio is calculated using net income, the ratio can be sensitive to nonrecurring earnings and capital structure, analysts may use price to operating profit.

Price to Sales (P/S)
since 2005

An rationale for the P/S ratio is that sales, as the top line in an income statement, are generally less subject to distortion or manipulation than other fundamentals such as EPS or book value. Sales are also more stable than earnings and never negative.

Price to Book Value (P/BV)
since 2005

The P/BV ratio is interpreted as an indicator of market judgment about the relationship between a company's required rate of return and its actual rate of return.


Analysis


Financial Reporting Quality

Analysis of Bad Debts

The accounts receivable that are estimated to be uncollectible are called bad debts or doubtful accounts receivable.

Aggregate Accruals

Financial reporting quality relates to the accuracy with which Praxair Inc.'s reported financial statements reflect its operating performance and to their usefulness for forecasting future cash flows.
Aggregate accruals deriving measures of the accrual component of Praxair Inc.'s earnings.