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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Linde plc (LIN)


Enterprise Value to FCFF (EV/FCFF)

Difficulty: Intermediate


Free Cash Flow to The Firm (FCFF)

Linde plc, FCFF calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Net income, Linde plc hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Noncontrolling interests hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net noncash charges hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Working capital hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net cash provided by operating activities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest paid, net of capitalized interest, net of tax1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest capitalized, net of tax2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Capital expenditures hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Free cash flow to the firm (FCFF) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

Item Description The company
FCFF Free cash flow to the firm is the cash flow available to the Linde plc’s suppliers of capital after all operating expenses have been paid and necessary investments in working and fixed capital have been made. Linde plc’s FCFF increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Interest Paid, Net of Tax

Linde plc, interest paid, net of tax calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Effective Income Tax Rate (EITR)
EITR1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest Paid, Net of Tax
Interest paid, net of capitalized interest, before tax hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Interest paid, net of capitalized interest, tax2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest paid, net of capitalized interest, net of tax hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest Costs Capitalized, Net of Tax
Interest capitalized, before tax hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Less: Interest capitalized, tax3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Interest capitalized, net of tax hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

1 See details »

2 2018 Calculation
Interest paid, net of capitalized interest, tax = Interest paid, net of capitalized interest × EITR
= hidden × hidden = hidden

3 2018 Calculation
Interest capitalized, tax = Interest capitalized × EITR
= hidden × hidden = hidden


Enterprise Value to FCFF Ratio, Current

Linde plc, current EV/FCFF calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Enterprise value (EV) hidden
Free cash flow to the firm (FCFF) hidden
Valuation Ratio
EV/FCFF hidden
Benchmarks
EV/FCFF, Competitors1
DuPont de Nemours Inc. hidden
EV/FCFF, Sector
Chemicals hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18).

1 Click competitor name to see calculations.

If the company EV/FCFF is lower then the EV/FCFF of benchmark then company is relatively undervalued.
Otherwise, if the company EV/FCFF is higher then the EV/FCFF of benchmark then company is relatively overvalued.


Enterprise Value to FCFF Ratio, Historical

Linde plc, historical EV/FCFF calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Enterprise value (EV)1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Free cash flow to the firm (FCFF)2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Valuation Ratio
EV/FCFF3 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Benchmarks
EV/FCFF, Competitors4
DuPont de Nemours Inc. hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
EV/FCFF, Sector
Chemicals hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

1 See details »

2 See details »

3 2018 Calculation
EV/FCFF = EV ÷ FCFF
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
EV/FCFF Enterprise value to free cash flow to the firm is whole company valuation indicator. Linde plc’s EV/FCFF ratio declined from 2016 to 2017 but then increased from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.