Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Linde plc (NYSE:LIN)

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Enterprise Value to EBITDA (EV/EBITDA)

Intermediate level


Earnings before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA)

Linde plc, EBITDA calculation

US$ in millions

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12 months ended Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Net income, Linde plc
Add: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
Less: Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
Add: Income tax expense
Earnings before tax (EBT)
Add: Interest expense
Earnings before interest and tax (EBIT)
Add: Depreciation and amortization
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24).

Item Description The company
EBITDA To calculate EBITDA analysts start with net earnings. To that earnings number, interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization are added. EBITDA as a pre-interest number is a flow to all providers of capital. Linde plc’s EBITDA increased from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Enterprise Value to EBITDA Ratio, Current

Linde plc, current EV/EBITDA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

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Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Enterprise value (EV)
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)
Valuation Ratio
EV/EBITDA
Benchmarks
EV/EBITDA, Competitors1
Air Products & Chemicals Inc.
Ecolab Inc.
EV/EBITDA, Sector
Chemicals
EV/EBITDA, Industry
Basic Materials

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02).

1 Click competitor name to see calculations.

If the company EV/EBITDA is lower then the EV/EBITDA of benchmark then company is relatively undervalued.
Otherwise, if the company EV/EBITDA is higher then the EV/EBITDA of benchmark then company is relatively overvalued.


Enterprise Value to EBITDA Ratio, Historical

Linde plc, historical EV/EBITDA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Enterprise value (EV)1
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA)2
Valuation Ratio
EV/EBITDA3
Benchmarks
EV/EBITDA, Competitors4
Air Products & Chemicals Inc.
Ecolab Inc.
EV/EBITDA, Sector
Chemicals
EV/EBITDA, Industry
Basic Materials

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24).

1 See details »

2 See details »

3 2019 Calculation
EV/EBITDA = EV ÷ EBITDA
= ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Valuation ratio Description The company
EV/EBITDA Enterprise value to earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization is a valuation indicator for the overall company rather than common stock. Linde plc’s EV/EBITDA ratio increased from 2017 to 2018 but then slightly decreased from 2018 to 2019.