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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Linde plc (LIN)


Analysis of Profitability Ratios

Beginner level


Profitability Ratios (Summary)

Linde plc, profitability ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Return on Sales
Gross profit margin
Operating profit margin
Net profit margin
Return on Investment
Return on equity (ROE)
Return on assets (ROA)

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Linde plc’s gross profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Linde plc’s operating profit margin ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Linde plc’s net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Linde plc’s ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Linde plc’s ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Gross Profit Margin

Linde plc, gross profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Gross margin
Sales
Profitability Ratio
Gross profit margin1
Benchmarks
Gross Profit Margin, Competitors2
DuPont de Nemours Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

1 2018 Calculation
Gross profit margin = 100 × Gross margin ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Gross profit margin Gross profit margin indicates the percentage of revenue available to cover operating and other expenditures. Linde plc’s gross profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Operating Profit Margin

Linde plc, operating profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Operating profit
Sales
Profitability Ratio
Operating profit margin1
Benchmarks
Operating Profit Margin, Competitors2
DuPont de Nemours Inc.
Operating Profit Margin, Sector
Chemicals

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

1 2018 Calculation
Operating profit margin = 100 × Operating profit ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Operating profit margin A profitability ratio calculated as operating income divided by revenue. Linde plc’s operating profit margin ratio improved from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Net Profit Margin

Linde plc, net profit margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income, Linde plc
Sales
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1
Benchmarks
Net Profit Margin, Competitors2
DuPont de Nemours Inc.
Net Profit Margin, Sector
Chemicals

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

1 2018 Calculation
Net profit margin = 100 × Net income, Linde plc ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
Net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as net income divided by revenue. Linde plc’s net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Return on Equity (ROE)

Linde plc, ROE calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income, Linde plc
Total Linde plc shareholders’ equity
Profitability Ratio
ROE1
Benchmarks
ROE, Competitors2
DuPont de Nemours Inc.
ROE, Sector
Chemicals

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

1 2018 Calculation
ROE = 100 × Net income, Linde plc ÷ Total Linde plc shareholders’ equity
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROE A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Linde plc’s ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Return on Assets (ROA)

Linde plc, ROA calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net income, Linde plc
Total assets
Profitability Ratio
ROA1
Benchmarks
ROA, Competitors2
DuPont de Nemours Inc.
ROA, Sector
Chemicals

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-25).

1 2018 Calculation
ROA = 100 × Net income, Linde plc ÷ Total assets
= 100 × ÷ =

2 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Profitability ratio Description The company
ROA A profitability ratio calculated as net income divided by total assets. Linde plc’s ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.