Stock Analysis on Net
Stock Analysis on Net
Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Linde plc (NYSE:LIN)

Paying users zone. Data is hidden behind: .


We accept:

Visa Mastercard American Express Maestro Discover JCB PayPal Apple Pay Google Pay
Verified by Visa MasterCard SecureCode American Express SafeKey

This is a one-time payment. There is no automatic renewal.

Market Value Added (MVA)

Advanced level

Market value added (MVA) is the difference between a firms’s fair value and its invested capital. MVA is a measure of the value a company has created in excess of the resources already committed to the enterprise.


MVA

Linde plc, MVA calculation

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016
Fair value of debt1
Operating lease liability
Market value of common equity
Redeemable noncontrolling interests
Noncontrolling interests
Market (fair) value of Linde
Less: Invested capital2
MVA

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01).

1 Fair value of debt. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

Item Description The company
MVA Linde plc’s market (fair) value less invested capital. Linde plc’s MVA increased from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

MVA Spread Ratio

Linde plc, MVA spread ratio calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Market value added (MVA)1
Invested capital2
Performance Ratio
MVA spread ratio3
Benchmarks
MVA Spread Ratio, Competitors4
Air Products & Chemicals Inc.
Ecolab Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01).

1 MVA. See details »

2 Invested capital. See details »

3 2020 Calculation
MVA spread ratio = 100 × MVA ÷ Invested capital
= 100 × ÷ =

4 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
MVA spread ratio The ratio of MVA to invested capital. It measures the efficiency with which investors’ capital investment has translated into a franchise value and into an aggregate net present value premium. Linde plc’s MVA spread ratio improved from 2018 to 2019 and from 2019 to 2020.

MVA Margin

Linde plc, MVA margin calculation, comparison to benchmarks

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2020 Dec 31, 2019 Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Market value added (MVA)1
Sales
Performance Ratio
MVA margin2
Benchmarks
MVA Margin, Competitors3
Air Products & Chemicals Inc.
Ecolab Inc.

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-03-01), 10-K (filing date: 2020-03-02), 10-K (filing date: 2019-03-18), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-28), 10-K (filing date: 2017-03-01).

1 MVA. See details »

2 2020 Calculation
MVA margin = 100 × MVA ÷ Sales
= 100 × ÷ =

3 Click competitor name to see calculations.

Performance ratio Description The company
MVA margin The ratio of MVA to sales. It measures how efficiently and prodigiously sales translate into franchise value. Linde plc’s MVA margin ratio deteriorated from 2018 to 2019 but then improved from 2019 to 2020 exceeding 2018 level.