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Present Value of Free Cash Flow to Equity (FCFE)
In discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation techniques the value of the stock is estimated based upon present value of some measure of cash flow. Free cash flow to equity (FCFE) is generally described as cash flows available to the equity holder after payments to debt holders and after allowing for expenditures to maintain the company’s asset base.
Intrinsic Stock Value (Valuation Summary)
General Electric Co., free cash flow to equity (FCFE) forecast
Stock valuation by this method is not possible because prior year FCFE is less than zero.
US$ in millions, except per share data
|Year||Value||FCFEt or Terminal value (TVt)||Calculation||Present value at|
|1||FCFE1||= × (1 + )|
|2||FCFE2||= × (1 + )|
|3||FCFE3||= × (1 + )|
|4||FCFE4||= × (1 + )|
|5||FCFE5||= × (1 + )|
|5||Terminal value (TV5)||= × (1 + ) ÷ ( – )|
|Intrinsic value of General Electric Co.’s common stock|
|Intrinsic value of General Electric Co.’s common stock (per share)|
|Current share price|
Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2021-02-12).
Valuation is based on standard assumptions. There may exist specific factors relevant to stock value and omitted here. In such a case, the real stock value may differ significantly form the estimated. If you want to use the estimated intrinsic stock value in investment decision making process, do so at your own risk.
Required Rate of Return (r)
|Rate of return on LT Treasury Composite1||RF|
|Expected rate of return on market portfolio2||E(RM)|
|Systematic risk of General Electric Co.’s common stock||βGE|
|Required rate of return on General Electric Co.’s common stock3||rGE|
1 Unweighted average of bid yields on all outstanding fixed-coupon U.S. Treasury bonds neither due or callable in less than 10 years (risk-free rate of return proxy).
3 rGE = RF + βGE [E(RM) – RF]
= + [ – ]
FCFE Growth Rate (g)
FCFE growth rate (g) implied by PRAT model
General Electric Co., PRAT model
1 Retention rate = (Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company – Dividends and other transactions with shareholders, excluded preferred stock dividends – Preferred stock dividends) ÷ (Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company – Preferred stock dividends)
= ( – – ) ÷ ( – )
2 Profit margin = 100 × (Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company – Preferred stock dividends) ÷ Sales of goods and services
= 100 × ( – ) ÷
3 Asset turnover = Sales of goods and services ÷ Total assets
4 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total GE shareholders’ equity
5 g = Retention rate × Profit margin × Asset turnover × Financial leverage
= × × ×
FCFE growth rate (g) forecast
General Electric Co., H-model
|5 and thereafter||g5|
g1 is implied by PRAT model
g5 is implied by single-stage model
g2, g3 and g4 are calculated using linear interpoltion between g1 and g5
g2 = g1 + (g5 – g1) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + ( – ) × (2 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
g3 = g1 + (g5 – g1) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + ( – ) × (3 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
g4 = g1 + (g5 – g1) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)
= + ( – ) × (4 – 1) ÷ (5 – 1)