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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

General Electric Co. (GE)


Analysis of Inventory

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Inventory

All inventories are stated at lower of cost or realizable values. Effective January 1, 2018, GE voluntarily changed the cost method of the GE U.S. inventories that were previously measured on a last-in, first-out (LIFO) basis to first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26).


Inventory Disclosure

General Electric Co., balance sheet: inventory

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Raw materials and work in process hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Finished goods hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Unbilled shipments hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories at FIFO hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Revaluation to LIFO hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories at LIFO hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

Item Description The company
Inventories at LIFO Amount after valuation and LIFO reserves of inventory expected to be sold, or consumed within one year or operating cycle, if longer. General Electric Co.’s inventories at LIFO decreased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjustment to Inventory: Conversion from LIFO to FIFO

Adjusting LIFO Inventory to FIFO (Current) Cost

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Adjustment to Inventories At LIFO
Inventories at LIFO at LIFO (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Inventories at LIFO at FIFO (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Current Assets
Current assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total Assets
Total assets (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Total GE Shareowners’ Equity
Total GE shareowners’ equity (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total GE shareowners’ equity (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjustment to Net Earnings (loss) Attributable To The Company
Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Increase (decrease) in inventory LIFO reserve hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

General Electric Co.’s inventory value on Dec 31, 2018 would be $19,271  (in millions) if the FIFO inventory method was used instead of LIFO. General Electric Co.’s inventories, valued on a LIFO basis, on Dec 31, 2018 were $19,271 . General Electric Co.’s inventories would have been $—  higher than reported on Dec 31, 2018 if the FIFO method had been used instead.


General Electric Co., Financial Data: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Financial Ratios: LIFO vs. FIFO (Summary)

General Electric Co., adjusted financial ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
Current Ratio
Reported current ratio (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted current ratio (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total Asset Turnover
Reported total asset turnover (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total asset turnover (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Financial Leverage
Reported financial leverage (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted financial leverage (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA (LIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA (FIFO) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

Financial ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. General Electric Co.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. General Electric Co.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. General Electric Co.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
General Electric Co.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. General Electric Co.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. General Electric Co.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

General Electric Co., Financial Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Current Ratio

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Liquidity Ratio
Current ratio1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted current assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Current liabilities hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Liquidity Ratio
Adjusted current ratio2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 Current ratio = Current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted current ratio = Adjusted current assets ÷ Current liabilities
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Liquidity ratio Description The company
Adjusted current ratio A liquidity ratio calculated as adjusted current assets divided by current liabilities. General Electric Co.’s adjusted current ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales of goods and services hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Sales of goods and services hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company ÷ Sales of goods and services
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company ÷ Sales of goods and services
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. General Electric Co.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Total Asset Turnover

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Sales of goods and services hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Activity Ratio
Total asset turnover1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Sales of goods and services hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Activity Ratio
Adjusted total asset turnover2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 Total asset turnover = Sales of goods and services ÷ Total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted total asset turnover = Sales of goods and services ÷ Adjusted total assets
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Activity ratio Description The company
Adjusted total asset turnover An activity ratio calculated as total revenue divided by adjusted total assets. General Electric Co.’s adjusted total asset turnover ratio deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 but then improved from 2017 to 2018 exceeding 2016 level.

Adjusted Financial Leverage

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total GE shareowners’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Solvency Ratio
Financial leverage1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total GE shareowners’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Solvency Ratio
Adjusted financial leverage2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 Financial leverage = Total assets ÷ Total GE shareowners’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted financial leverage = Adjusted total assets ÷ Adjusted total GE shareowners’ equity
= hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Solvency ratio Description The company
Adjusted financial leverage A measure of financial leverage calculated as adjusted total assets divided by adjusted total equity.
Financial leverage is the extent to which a company can effect, through the use of debt, a proportional change in the return on common equity that is greater than a given proportional change in operating income.
General Electric Co.’s adjusted financial leverage ratio increased from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total GE shareowners’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total GE shareowners’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company ÷ Total GE shareowners’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company ÷ Adjusted total GE shareowners’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted shareholders’ equity. General Electric Co.’s adjusted ROE deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Dec 31, 2018 Dec 31, 2017 Dec 31, 2016 Dec 31, 2015 Dec 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: After Conversion from LIFO to FIFO
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2018-02-23), 10-K (filing date: 2017-02-24), 10-K (filing date: 2016-02-26), 10-K (filing date: 2015-02-27).

2018 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net earnings (loss) attributable to the Company ÷ Adjusted total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by adjusted total assets. General Electric Co.’s adjusted ROA deteriorated from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018.