Revenues comprise sales and income under co-promotion and co-development agreements.
Income under co-promotion and co-development agreements is recognised when it is earned as defined in the contract and can be reliably estimated. In general, this is upon the sale of the co-promoted/ developed product or upon the delivery of a promotional or developmental service.
Revenues exclude inter-company revenues and value-added taxes and represent net invoice value less estimated rebates, returns and settlement discounts. Revenues are recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to a third party. In general, this is upon delivery of the products to wholesalers. In markets where returns are significant (currently only in the US), estimates of returns are accounted for at the point revenue is recognised. In markets where returns are not significant, they are recorded when returned.
For the US market, AstraZeneca estimates the quantity and value of goods which may ultimately be returned at the point of sale. Returns accruals are based on actual experience over the preceding 12 months for established products together with market-related information such as estimated stock levels at wholesalers and competitor activity which AstraZeneca receives via third party information services. For newly launched products, AstraZeneca uses rates based on experience with similar products or a pre-determined percentage.
When a product faces generic competition particular attention is given to the possible levels of returns and, in cases where the circumstances are such that the level of returns (and, hence, revenue) cannot be measured reliably, revenues are only recognised when the right of return expires, which is generally on ultimate prescription of the product to patients.
Source: AstraZeneca PLC, Annual Report
AstraZeneca PLC, Income Statement, Revenues
USD $ in millions
|12 months ended||Dec 31, 2012||Dec 31, 2011||Dec 31, 2010||Dec 31, 2009||Dec 31, 2008|
Source: AstraZeneca PLC Annual Reports
|External revenue||Aggregate revenue recognized during the period (derived from goods sold, services rendered, insurance premiums, or other activities that constitute an entity's earning process). For financial services companies, also includes investment and interest income, and sales and trading gains.||AstraZeneca PLC's external revenue increased from 2010 to 2011 but then declined significantly from 2011 to 2012.|