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Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc

Lowe’s Cos. Inc. (LOW)


Analysis of Investments

Advanced level


Accounting Policy on Investments

Investments generally consist of money market funds, corporate debt securities, and agency securities, all of which are classified as available-for-sale. Available-for-sale securities are recorded at fair value, and unrealized gains and losses are recorded, net of tax, as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income/loss. Gross unrealized gains and losses were not significant for any of the periods presented.

The proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities were $506 million, $523 million, and $505 million for 2018, 2017, and 2016, respectively. Gross realized gains and losses on the sale of available-for-sale securities were not significant for any of the periods presented.

Investments with a stated maturity date of one year or less from the balance sheet date or that are expected to be used in current operations are classified as short-term investments. All other investments are classified as long-term. Investments classified as long-term at February 1, 2019, will mature in one to 16 years, based on stated maturity dates.

Lowe’s classifies as investments restricted balances primarily pledged as collateral for Lowe’s extended protection plan program. Restricted balances included in short-term investments were $218 million at February 1, 2019, and $86 million at February 2, 2018. Restricted balances included in long-term investments were $256 million at February 1, 2019, and $381 million at February 2, 2018.

Source: 10-K (filing date: 2019-04-02).


Adjustment to Net Income (Loss): Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities

Lowe’s Cos. Inc., adjustment to net earnings

US$ in millions

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
12 months ended Feb 1, 2019 Feb 2, 2018 Feb 3, 2017 Jan 29, 2016 Jan 30, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Net earnings (as reported) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Add: Net unrealized investment gain (loss), net of tax hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net earnings (adjusted) hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-31).


Adjusted Profitability Ratios: Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities (Summary)

Lowe’s Cos. Inc., adjusted profitability ratios

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 1, 2019 Feb 2, 2018 Feb 3, 2017 Jan 29, 2016 Jan 30, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
Net Profit Margin
Reported net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted net profit margin hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Equity (ROE)
Reported ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROE hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Return on Assets (ROA)
Reported ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted ROA hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-31).

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Lowe’s Cos. Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Lowe’s Cos. Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by total assets. Lowe’s Cos. Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Lowe’s Cos. Inc., Profitability Ratios: Reported vs. Adjusted


Adjusted Net Profit Margin

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 1, 2019 Feb 2, 2018 Feb 3, 2017 Jan 29, 2016 Jan 30, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Net profit margin1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Net sales hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted net profit margin2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-31).

2019 Calculations

1 Net profit margin = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted net profit margin = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Net sales
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted net profit margin An indicator of profitability, calculated as adjusted net income divided by revenue. Lowe’s Cos. Inc.’s adjusted net profit margin ratio improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Equity (ROE)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 1, 2019 Feb 2, 2018 Feb 3, 2017 Jan 29, 2016 Jan 30, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROE1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Shareholders’ equity hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROE2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-31).

2019 Calculations

1 ROE = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROE = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Shareholders’ equity
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROE A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by shareholders’ equity. Lowe’s Cos. Inc.’s adjusted ROE improved from 2017 to 2018 and from 2018 to 2019.

Adjusted Return on Assets (ROA)

Microsoft Excel LibreOffice Calc
Feb 1, 2019 Feb 2, 2018 Feb 3, 2017 Jan 29, 2016 Jan 30, 2015 Jan 31, 2014
As Reported
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
ROA1 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Adjusted: Mark to Market Available-for-sale Securities
Selected Financial Data (US$ in millions)
Adjusted net earnings hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Total assets hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden
Profitability Ratio
Adjusted ROA2 hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden hidden

Based on: 10-K (filing date: 2019-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2018-04-02), 10-K (filing date: 2017-04-04), 10-K (filing date: 2016-03-29), 10-K (filing date: 2015-03-31), 10-K (filing date: 2014-03-31).

2019 Calculations

1 ROA = 100 × Net earnings ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

2 Adjusted ROA = 100 × Adjusted net earnings ÷ Total assets
= 100 × hidden ÷ hidden = hidden

Profitability ratio Description The company
Adjusted ROA A profitability ratio calculated as adjusted net income divided by total assets. Lowe’s Cos. Inc.’s adjusted ROA improved from 2017 to 2018 but then deteriorated significantly from 2018 to 2019.